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Table 1 Church characteristics by church size (number of active members < 50; 50–99; ≥ 100)

From: Organizational readiness for wellness promotion – a survey of 100 African American church leaders in South Los Angeles

  Total (N = 100) Small (N = 19) Medium (N = 37) Large (N = 44) P-value
% commuters (Mean + s.d.) 29 ± 29 28 ± 35 36 ± 31 24 ± 25 NS
% long-time members 61 ± 27 64 ± 32 60 ± 28 61 ± 22 NS
years in operation (range 1–120) 54 ± 32 35 ± 29 47 ± 31 69 ± 29 < 0.0001
years of this leader at church (range 0.5–58) 16 ± 12 13 ± 8 17 ± 13 15 ± 13 NS
number of paid staff (range 0–35) 5 ± 5 2 ± 2 3 ± 2 8 ± 6 < 0.0001
# of wellness activities conducted in last 12 months (range 0–5) 1.9 ± 1.4 1.2 ± 1.1 1.8 ± 1.5 2.2 ± 1.3 < 0.05
# of barriers to implement wellness activities (experienced or expected, range 0–8) 4.8 ± 1.8 5.3 ± 1.9 4.6 ± 1.6 4.8 ± 2.0 NS
Church Leadership Scale (7 items; range 1–4) 2.6 ± 0.7 2.5 ± 0.8 2.4 ± 0.6 2.7 ± 0.6 0.09
% of churches
 in which members know each other very well 59 74 65 48 0.10
 with a health/wellness ministry 41 21 30 59 < 0.01
 Denomination
  Methodist 13 5 14 16 0.10
  Baptist 50 42 41 61
  Non-denominational/Other 37 53 46 23
  1. Church size ranges from 10 to 800 active members
  2. Chi-square test was used for categorical variables and Kruskal-Wallis tests was used for continuous variables