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Table 7 Sexual risk behaviours among AES and MES pupils

From: Poly-substance use and sexual risk behaviours: a cross-sectional comparison of adolescents in mainstream and alternative education settings

  Sexual activitya Protected against pregnancy and STIsa
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
School setting
 MES 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 AES 2.89 (2.08, 4.02) 2.46 (1.74, 3.47) 1.41 (0.98, 2.04) 0.99 (0.65, 1.50) 0.55 (0.37, 0.83) 0.57 (0.37, 0.86) 0.74 (0.47, 1.15) 0.79 (0.50, 1.25)
Age
 Older than 15.5 years 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Younger than 15.5 years 1.31 (1.15, 1.51) 1.28 (1.11, 1.48) 1.26 (1.09, 1.46) 1.27 (1.09, 1.49) 0.84 (0.67, 1.04) 0.84 (0.67, 1.06) 0.86 (0.68, 1.08) 0.86 (0.69, 1.09)
Sex
 Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Female 1.17 (1.02, 1.34) 1.20 (1.04, 1.39) 1.34 (1.15, 1.55) 1.19 (1.02, 1.40) 0.92 (0.74, 1.15) 0.91 (0.72, 1.14) 0.85 (0.68, 1.07) 0.88 (0.70, 1.11)
Family composition
 Lives with both biological parents 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Lives in single parent household 1.68 (1.42, 2.00) 1.61 (1.35, 1.92) 1.55 (1.29, 1.86) 1.38 (1.13, 1.68) 1.11 (0.85, 1.45) 1.12 (0.86, 1.47) 1.18 (0.90, 1.55) 1.21 (0.92, 1.60)
 Lives in a reconstituted/step family 2.07 (1.63, 2.64) 1.89 (1.47, 2.41) 1.88 (1.46, 2.42) 1.58 (1.20, 2.09) 0.92 (0.65, 1.32) 0.93 (0.65, 1.33) 0.97 (0.67, 1.40) 1.01 (0.70, 1.45)
 Lives in residential or foster care 2.17 (1.36, 3.47) 2.18 (1.34, 3.54) 1.80 (1.09, 3.00) 1.82 (1.06, 3.14) 0.74 (0.40, 1.39) 0.75 (0.40, 1.41) 0.85 (0.45, 1.62) 0.89 (0.46, 1.70)
Paternal employment status
 Full time employment 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Part time employment 0.83 (0.58, 1.18) 0.78 (0.54, 1.12) 0.69 (0.47, 1.00) 0.68 (0.45, 1.03) 0.97 (0.55, 1.71) 0.99 (0.55, 1.17) 0.83 (0.57, 1.21) 0.85 (0.58, 1.24)
 Unemployed 1.05 (0.80, 1.36) 1.09 (0.83, 1.43) 0.99 (0.75, 1.31) 1.02 (0.75, 1.37) 1.12 (0.74, 1.68) 1.06 (0.70, 1.60) 1.13 (0.74, 1.71) 1.13 (0.74, 1.72)
Maternal employment status
 Full time employment 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Part time employment 0.73 (0.62, 0.87) 0.74 (0.62, 0.89) 0.78 (0.65, 0.94) 0.80 (0.66, 0.97) 0.89 (0.67, 1.20) 0.90 (0.67, 1.20) 0.88 (0.65, 1.18) 0.89 (0.66, 1.21)
 Unemployed 0.75 (0.61, 0.92) 0.77 (0.62, 0.95) 0.77 (0.62, 0.96) 0.77 (0.61, 0.97) 0.65 (0.47, 0.90) 0.65 (0.47, 0.90) 0.65 (0.47, 0.91) 0.65 (0.46, 0.90)
Frequency of parent-child arguments
 At least once a week     1.00 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00 1.00
 Less than once a week     0.58 (0.50, 0.67) 0.61 (0.53, 0.72) 0.72 (0.61, 0.84)     1.17 (0.92, 1.49) 1.13 (0.88, 1.44) 1.10 (0.86, 1.41)
Parent-child connectedness
 High levels of reported connectedness     1.00 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low levels of reported connectedness     0.95 (0.82, 1.10) 0.89 (0.76, 1.04) 0.87 (0.74, 1.03)     0.93 (0.73, 1.18) 0.96 (0.76, 1.22) 0.95 (0.75, 1.21)
Family time
 Frequently eats meals and go places as a family     1.00 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00 1.00
 Infrequently eats meals and go places as a family     1.55 (1.34, 1.79) 1.53 (1.32, 1.77) 1.33 (1.13, 1.57)     0.92 (0.72, 1.16) 0.91 (0.72, 1.16) 0.96 (0.75, 1.22)
Spending money
 £24 or less per week     1.00 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00 1.00
 £25 or more per week     1.74 (1.48, 2.06) 1.64 (1.39, 1.95) 1.55 (1.29, 1.87)     0.88 (0.69, 1.13) 0.91 (0.71, 1.17) 0.93 (0.72, 1.20)
Parental monitoring
 High levels of parental monitoring     1.00 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low levels of parental monitoring     1.32 (1.14, 1.53) 1.24 (1.06, 1.44) 1.21 (1.02, 1.42)     0.92 (0.73, 1.16) 0.95 (0.75, 1.20) 0.97 (0.76, 1.23)
Intended school leaving age
 Remain at school beyond legal leaving age        1.00 1.00        1.00 1.00
 Leave school as soon as legally possible        2.85 (2.36, 3.44) 1.89 (1.54, 2.33)        0.63 (0.49, 0.81) 0.70 (0.54, 0.91)
Expectations of employment, education and training
 Will be in education, employment or training        1.00 1.00        1.00 1.00
 Will not be in education, employment or training        0.81 (0.52, 1.27) 0.79 (0.49, 1.29)        0.65 (0.33, 1.30) 0.65 (0.33, 1.29)
Expectations of parenthood
 Will be a parent        1.00 1.00        1.00 1.00
 Will not be a parent        0.36 (0.27, 0.50) 0.42 (0.30, 0.59)        1.58 (1.10, 2.30) 1.58 (1.09, 2.30)
Peer behaviours
 Less than half of peers have left school           1.00         1.00
 More than half of peers have left school           5.10 (4.19, 6.19)         1.01 (0.69, 1.46)
 Less than half of peers smoke tobacco           1.00         1.00
 More than half of peers smoke tobacco           2.01 (1.55, 2.61)         0.74 (0.56, 0.98)
 Less than half of peers have had sex           1.00         1.00
 More than half of peers have had sex           1.89 (1.21, 2.96)         0.77 (0.60, 0.99)
  1. aMissing/unknown categories had no associations with PSU, pre-consent age sexual activity or protected against pregnancy and STIs in all stages of analysis, so are omitted from this table. The only exception to this was for the relationship between parenting aspirations and pre-consent sexual activity, where a significant effect was seen in Model 3 (OR = 0.46, 95% CI 0.33, 0.64) and Model 4 (OR = 0.50, 95% CI 0.35, 0.72) suggesting that after controlling for all other factors, pupils who provided missing data to this question or were not definitively certain about their intentions towards parenthood were more likely to engage in pre-consent sexual activity and therefore had an elevated risk of early parenthood
  2. Results significant at p<0.05 are in bold