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Table 6 Poly substance use amongst AES and MES pupils

From: Poly-substance use and sexual risk behaviours: a cross-sectional comparison of adolescents in mainstream and alternative education settings

  Poly substance usea
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
School setting
 MES 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 AES 3.69 (2.69, 5.06) 3.32 (2.36, .68) 2.46 (1.71, 3.52) 1.73 (1.15, 2.60)
Age
 Older than 15.5 years 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Younger than 15.5 years 1.05 (0.88, 1.26) 1.03 (0.85, 1.23) 1.02 (0.85, 1.24) 1.0 (0.80, 1.21)
Sex
 Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Female 0.83 (0.70, 1.00) 0.84 (0.69, 1.01) 0.89 (0.73, 1.07) 0.69 (0.56, 0.86)
Family composition
 Lives with both biological parents 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Lives in single parent household 1.83 (1.48, 2.27) 1.70 (1.36, 2.12) 1.58 (1.26, 1.98) 1.37 (1.07, 1.76)
 Lives in a reconstituted/step family 2.07 (1.55, 2.77) 1.82 (1.35, 2.46) 1.72 (1.27, 2.34) 1.41 (1.00, 1.97)
 Lives in residential or foster care 3.23 (2.01, 5.17) 3.09 (1.90, 5.05) 2.60 (1.57, 4.28) 2.13 (1.23, 3.71)
Paternal employment status
 Full time employment 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00   
 Part time employment 0.80 (0.50, 1.28) 0.71 (0.44, 1.16) 0.65 (0.40, 1.07) 0.6 (0.36, 1.27)
 Unemployed 0.95 (0.68, 1.33) 1.00 (0.71, 1.40) 0.93 (0.66, 1.32) 0.9 (0.60, 1.29)
Maternal employment status
 Full time employment 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Part time employment 0.95 (0.76, 1.20) 0.98 (0.77, 1.24) 1.03 (0.81, 1.31) 1.06 (0.81, 1.38)
 Unemployed 0.95 (0.73, 1.24) 0.98 (0.75, 1.29) 0.98 (0.75, 1.30) 1.03 (0.76, 1.38)
Frequency of parent-child arguments
 At least once a week     1.00 1.00 1.00
 Less than once a week     0.45 (0.38, 0.58) 0.47 (0.35, 0.65) 0.58 (0.46, 0.72)
Parent-child connectedness
 High levels of reported connectedness     1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low levels of reported connectedness     1.15 (0.95, 1.40) 1.12 (0.92, 1.36) 1.20 (0.97, 1.49)
Family time
 Frequently eats meals and go places as a family     1.00 1.00 1.00
 Infrequently eats meals and go places as a family     1.86 (1.53, 2.26) 1.79 (1.46, 2.18) 1.42 (1.15, 1.77)
Spending money
 £24 or less per week     1.00 1.00 1.00
 £25 or more per week     1.52 (1.24, 1.87) 1.41 (1.14, 1.74) 1.29 (1.02, 1.63)
Parental monitoring
 High levels of parental monitoring     1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low levels of parental monitoring     1.49 (1.23, 1.80) 1.42 (1.17, 1.73) 1.50 (1.18, 1.80)
Intended school leaving age
Remain at school beyond legal leaving age        1.00 1.00
Leave school as soon as legally possible        2.56 (2.06, 3.18) 1.52 (1.19, 1.94)
Expectations of employment, education and training
 Will be in education, employment or training        1.00 1.00
 Will not be in education, employment or training        0.73 (0.41, 1.31) 0.73 (0.39, 1.36)
Expectations of parenthood
 Will be a parent        1.00 1.00
 Will not be a parent        0.91 (0.64, 1.28) 1.24 (0.85, 1.80)
Peer behaviours
 Less than half of peers have left school         1.00
 More than half of peers have left school         1.14 (0.80, 1.62)
 Less than half of peers smoke tobacco         1.00
 More than half of peers smoke tobacco         5.74 (4.52, 7.31)
 Less than half of peers have had sex         1.00
More than half of peers have had sex         2.46 (1.96, 3.10)
  1. aMissing/unknown categories had no associations with PSU, pre-consent age sexual activity or protected against pregnancy and STIs in all stages of analysis, so are omitted from this table
  2. Results significant at p<0.05 are in bold