Skip to main content

Table 2 Association Between Treated Epilepsy and School Absence: Overall and by Sex, Age and Area Deprivation

From: Educational and health outcomes of children and adolescents receiving antiepileptic medication: Scotland-wide record linkage study of 766 244 schoolchildren

  Univariate Multivariablea Multivariableb
IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI IRR 95% CI
Overall 1.62 1.56,1.67 1.50 1.45,1.55 1.43 1.38,1.48
Boys 1.52 1.45,1.59 1.39 1.33,1.46 1.34 1.28,1.41
Girls 1.72 1.64,1.81 1.61 1.53,1.69 1.51 1.44,1.59
< 11 years 1.70 1.61,1.79 1.66 1.56,1.76 1.63 1.53,1.73
11-14 years 1.49 1.40,1.58 1.51 1.42,1.60 1.44 1.37,1.53
> 14 years 1.36 1.29,1.43 1.37 1.30,1.45 1.25 1.19,1.32
1 (most deprived) 1.29 1.22,1.37 1.23 1.16,1.30 1.18 1.11,1.25
2 1.51 1.40,1.62 1.44 1.35,1.54 1.37 1.28,1.47
3 1.77 1.63,1.91 1.61 1.48,1.75 1.54 1.41,1.67
4 1.83 1.68,1.99 1.63 1.50,1.77 1.54 1.41,1.67
5 (least deprived) 2.01 1.82,2.21 1.81 1.64,1.99 1.70 1.54,1.87
  1. aadjusted for age, sex, deprivation quintile, ethnic group, maternal age, maternal smoking, parity, mode of delivery, gestation at delivery, sex- gestation-specific birthweight centile and 5-min Apgar score
  2. balso adjusted for comorbid conditions (diabetes, asthma, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and depression)
  3. IRR Incidence Rate Ratio, CI confidence interval
  4. All p < 0.001