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Table 1 Definitions of Variables and Descriptive Statistics

From: Do the unemployed hit the bottle during economic downturns? An empirical approach for Spain

Variables Definition 2006
(n = 14,696)
2011–2012
(n = 14,981)
Mean S.D. Mean S.D.
Drinker 1 if consumes five or more drinks a week 0.259 0.438 0.256 0.436
Drinking-frequency 0 if does not drink alcohol,     
1 drinks only on weekends,     
2 drinks only on weekdays, and 2.599 0.904 0.841 1.281
3 drinks on weekends and weekdays alike     
Labour status Unemployed 1 if unemployed 0.122 0.328 0.175 0.380
Unem_never 1 if unemployed and has never worked 0.006 0.077 0.007 0.085
Unem_6 1 if unemployed for 6 months or less 0.052 0.222 0.051 0.220
Unem_6_12 1 if unemployed for 6 months to 1 year 0.017 0.129 0.028 0.165
Unem_12 1 if unemployed for 1 year or longer 0.043 0.203 0.088 0.283
Age Age Age (in years) 40.495 10.813 43.319 12.557
Gender Male 1 if male 0.477 0.499 0.489 0.500
Education Educ1 Primary education or below (reference category) 0.289 0.453 0.139 0.346
Educ2 Compulsory secondary education 0.136 0.343 0.342 0.474
Educ3 Non-compulsory and pre-university secondary education 0.245 0.430 0.592 0.491
Educ4 Specific labour training 0.094 0.292 0.078 0.269
Educ5 University graduate 0.231 0.422 0.190 0.393
Marital status Married 1 if married 0.583 0.493 0.551 0.497
Nationality Nationality 1 if foreigner 0.096 0.294 0.102 0.303