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Table 2 Number and percentage of the questions on the knowledge of antibiotic use

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice of antibiotic use among university students: a cross sectional study in UAE

Question (correct response) Total % (n/N) Whole n (%) 1st year n (%) Final year n (%)
MS NS χ2 p MS NS χ2 p MS NS χ2 p
Are there bacteria in human body which are good for our health? (Yes) 1169 (97.4%) 594 (99%) 575 (95.8%) 12 0.001 361 (98.6%) 281 (93.7%) 11.7 0.001 233 (99.6%) 294 (98%) 2.5 0.113
Can antibiotics be used to cure Infections caused by bacteria (Yes) 1097 (91.4%) 560 (93.3%) 537 (89.5%) 5.6 0.018 332 (90.7%) 260 (86.7%) 2.7 0.1 228 (97.4%) 277 (92.3%) 6.7 0.01
Can antibiotics be used to cure infections caused by viruses (No) 576 (48%) 395 (65.8%) 81 (30.2%) 153 0.000 215 (58.7%) 93 (31%) 51 0.000 180 (77%) 88 (29.3%) 119 0.000
Do you think the use of antibiotics will speed up the recovery of cold, cough and other diseases (No) 356 (29.7%) 205 (34.2%) 151 (25.2%) 11.6 0.001 112 (30.6%) 80 (26.7%) 1.2 0.256 93 (39.7%) 71 (23.7%) 16 0.000
Antibiotics are obtainable Without interference of a doctor at drug stores or pharmacies (No) 661 (55.1%) 318 (53%) 343 (57.2%) 2.1 0.147 213 (58.2%) 185 (61.7%) 0.83 0.364 105 (45%) 158 (52.7%) 3.2 0.074
Have you heard of resistance of bacteria (Yes) 914 (76.2%) 507 (84.5%) 407 (67.8%) 46 0.000 285 (77.9%) 194 (64.7%) 14.2 0.000 222 (95%) 213 (71%) 49.6 0.000
Do you think frequent use of antibiotics will decrease the treatment when using the antibiotic again (Yes) 913 (76.1%) 487 (81.2%) 426 (71%) 17 0.000 294 (80.3%) 203 (67.7%) 14 0.000 193 (82.5%) 223 (74.3%) 5.1 0.024
Is the efficacy better if the antibiotics are newer and the price is higher (No) 833 (69.4%) 435 (72.5%) 398 (66.3%) 5.4 0.020 258 (70.5%) 200 (66.7%) 1.1 0.289 177 (75.6%) 198 (66%) 5.8 0.016
Amoxicillin is antibiotic (Yes) 717 (59.8%) 414 (69%) 303 (50.5%) 42.7 0.000 193 (52.7%) 140 (46.7%) 2.4 0.119 221 (94.4%) 163 (54.3%) 104.7 0.000
Penicillin is antibiotic (Yes) 685 (57.1%) 381 (63.5%) 304 (50.7%) 20.2 0.000 193 (52.7%) 166 (55.3%) 0.449 0.503 188 (80.3%) 138 (46%) 65.2 0.000
Tetracycline is antibiotic (Yes) 353 (29.4%) 237 (39.5%) 116 (19.3%) 58.7 0.000 73 (19.9%) 63 (21%) 0.113 0.737 164 (70.1%) 53 (17.7%) 149.7 0.000
Definition of drug susceptibility testing of bacteria (Yes) 220 (18.3%) 169 (28.2%) 51 (8.5%) 77.5 0.000 53 (14.5%) 29 (9.7%) 3.5 0.060 116 (49.6%) 22 (7.3%) 122.4 0.000
  1. *p < 0.05; #Significance; χ2 = chi square test.; n (%): Frequency (Percentage)