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Table 2 Comparison of the three models produced with WCRF/AICR, MDG, RNI and palatability constrains

From: Diet optimization using linear programming to develop low cost cancer prevention food plan for selected adults in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Constrain LB UB Model I Model II Model III
WCRF/AICR 2007
Non-Starchy Vegetables and fruits (serving/day) 5 13 14.5 11.5
 Cooked Vegetables 6 3.5 6
 Salad 1 2
 Spices 4 6 3.5
 Fruits 2 3 2
Red and Processed meat (serving/week) 3.5 0 0 0
Unprocessed grains and legumes (serving/day) 1 2 2 5
Fibre (g) 25 35 32.3 26 26.3
Sodium (g) 500 2000 563 1631 1853
MDG 2010
 Cereals and Grains (serving) 6 8 6.5 6 6
 Meat/Poultry (serving) 1 2 1 1 2
 Fish (serving) 1 3 1 1 2.5
 Legumes (serving) 0.5 1 1.5 1 1
Palatability
 Vegetable oil (serving) 1 2   1  
 Palm Oil (serving) 1 2   2 2
RNI 2017
 Energy (kcal) 1600 2000 1802 1685 1889
 Protein (g) 42 100 69.5 58 102
 Carbohydrates (g) 212 300 224 218 236
 Fat (g) 38 68 62 59 56
 Cholesterol (mg) 60 200 135.7 116 217
 Saturated Fat (g) 10 22 16.5 10.5 19.9
 Monounsaturated (g) 22 33 23 19.8 23.6
 Polyunsaturated (g) 10 15 15 13.7 13.5
 Potassium (mg) 4700 10,000 4729 4696 4704
 Vitamin A (RE) 600 3000 4826 1913 1409
 Beta-Carotene 2500 17,000 10,430 10,516 6365
 Vitamin E (mg) 7.5 1000 12 10.2 13.2
 Vitamin K (μg) 55 1000 55 71.6 99.7
 Vitamin C (mg) 70 1000 549 233 274
 Vitamin B12 (μg) 4 23 11.5 7.3 6.6
 Folate (μg) 400 1000 413 450 475
 Calcium (mg) 1000 2500 1000 1143 1113
 Iron (mg) 29 45 29.5 30 29
 Thiamine (mg) 1.1 500 10 2.2 1.8
 Riboflavin (mg) 1.1 25 3.4 2.3 3.2
 Niacin (mg) 14 35 32 29 28.5
 Zinc (mg) 4.7 35 6.1 10.6 17.7
 Magnesium (mg) 320 500 227 342 298
 Copper (mg) 0.9 2 1.4 1.1 1.5
 Selenium (μg) 24 400 47 43 23
 Phosphorus (mg) 700 4000 1370 1507 1608
 Sugar (g) 0 50 47 48 45