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Table 3 Percentage of responses of to each item of GOHAI based on BMI

From: Association between oral health-related quality of life and nutritional status among older adults in district of Kuala Pilah, Malaysia

GOHAI items Satisfactory BMI Unsatisfactory BMI p
1 2 3 1 2 3
Physical function
 Limit the kinds of food 14.0 40.8 45.2 14.2 56.2 29.5 0.003*
 Trouble biting or chewing 15.9 41.4 42.7 15.7 56.5 27.8 0.003*
 Able to swallow comfortably 94.9 5.1 0 95.7 4.3 0 0.812
 Unable to speak clearly 0.6 10.8 88.6 1.1 8.9 90.0 0.733
Psychosocial
 Limit contacts with people 0.6 10.8 88.6 0.4 8.9 90.7 0.733
 Pleased with appearance of teeth 100.0 0 0 99.6 0.4 0 0.642
 Worried about teeth, gums or denture 0 15.3 84.7 2.1 12.8 85.1 0.149
 Self-conscious of teeth, gums or denture 0 13.4 86.6 0.7 12.1 87.2 0.535
 Uncomfortable eating in front of others 0.6 11.5 87.9 0.4 9.3 90.3 0.692
Pain/Discomfort
 Able to eat any kind of food 73.2 26.1 0.6 67.3 32.0 0.7 0.426
 Use of medication to relieve pain 1.3 15.9 82.8 2.8 17.1 80.1 0.531
 Sensitive to hot, cold or sweet foods 7.0 26.8 66.2 4.6 24.6 70.8 0.463
  1. 1-Always & often 2-Sometimes & seldom 3-Never
  2. *significant at p-level < 0.05