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Table 3 Modelling the adjusted odds between CC or EC versus Dual User using multivariate multinomial logistic regression (N = 422)

From: Factors associated with different smoking statuses among Malaysian adolescent smokers: a cross-sectional study

Smoking Status Sole CC Sole EC
OR OR
(95% CI) (CI 95%)
Household Monthly Income (MYR)
 1000 and below 5.154 (0.407–65.216) 0.464 (0.025–8.598)
 1001–4000 2.034 (0.297–13.933) 1.840 (0.409–8.272)
 4000 and abovea 1.000 1.000
HONC
 Not Hooked (< 1) 1.252 (0.474–3.303) 3.951 (1.862–8.387) ***
 Hooked (≥1) a 1.000 1.000
CO (ppm)
 Non-Smoker (1–3) 0.689 (0.254–1.872) 5.777 (1.407–23.716)
 Light Smoker (4–6) 1.308 (0.420–4.074) 1.968 (0.399–9.704)
 Regular Smoker (≥7) a 1.000 1.000
Daily Pocket Allowance (MYR)
 < 2 0.465 (0.030–7.140) 2.930 (0.140–61.196)
 2- < 5 0.645 (0.101–4.099) 0.910 (0.196–4.231)
 5- < 10 0.423 (0.068–2.629) 0.955 (0.215–4.232)
 ≥10a 1.000 1.000
Gender
 Male 9.887 (2.737–35.721) *** 2.220 (1.005–4.900) **
 Femalea 1.000 1.000
Ethnicity
 Bumiputera 1.542 (0.554–4.293) 0.467 (0.219–0.994) **
 Non-Bumiputeraa 1.000 1.000
Part-time Worker
 Yes 1.561 (0.723–3.374) 0.428 (0.179–1.021)
 No 1.000 1.000
Age
 13 3.049 (0.848–10.968) 1.107 (0–0)
 14 3.56 (3.56–3.56) 7.368 (0–0)
 15 3.844 (1.349–10.949) ** 0.384 (0.159–0.930)
 16 3.385 (1.199–9.551)** 1.542 (0.721–3.299)
 17 1.000 1.000
  1. Reference group: Dual user which includes CC and EC
  2. *** p < 0.001. ** p < 0.01
  3. a Reference Group