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Table 2 The association between demographic and socioeconomic characteristics with smoking status (N = 422)

From: Factors associated with different smoking statuses among Malaysian adolescent smokers: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Sole CC (n = 114) Sole EC (n = 178) Dual Users (CC and EC) (n = 130) Chi-Square P-value
Form     < 0. 001
 Form 1 6 20 9  
 Form 2 34 36 24  
 Form 3 36 16 38  
 Form 4 31 61 33  
 Form 5 7 45 26  
Age     < 0. 001
 13 6 19 9  
 14 34 35 24  
 15 36 18 36  
 16 31 58 34  
 17 7 48 27  
Gender     < 0. 001
 Male 111 164 106  
 Female 3 14 24  
Ethnicity     < 0. 001
 Bumiputra 106 115 110  
 Non-bumiputra 8 63 20  
Daily Pocket Allowance (MYR)     0.305
 < 2 10 6 2  
 2- < 5 52 78 38  
 5- < 10 42 74 42  
 ≥10 10 20 8  
Household Monthly Family Income (MYR)     0.005
 1000 and below 15 5 7  
 1001-RM 4000 91 148 108  
 4000 and above 8 25 15  
Part-time Worker     0.003
 Yes 22 11 18  
 No 92 167 112  
HONC     < 0. 001
 Not Hooked (< 1) 10 67 13  
 Hooked (≥1) 104 111 117  
CO ppm     < 0. 001
 Non-Smoker (1–3) 75 164 98  
 Light Smoker (4–6) 28 11 21  
 Regular Smoker (≥7) 11 3 11  
  1. CO carbon monoxide, ppm parts per million, SD standard deviation, HONC Hooked on Nicotine Checklist