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Table 3 Odd ratios for hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes mellitus

From: Non-communicable diseases among low income adults in rural coastal communities in Eastern Sabah, Malaysia

  Hypertension (yes vs. no), Nagelkerke R2 = 0.351), overall predictive accuracy = 75.5% Hypercholesterolemia (yes vs. no), Nagelkerke R2 = 0.253), overall predictive accuracy = 68.2% Diabetes mellitusa (yes vs. no), Nagelkerke R2 = 0.270, overall predictive accuracy = 93.0%
OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value
Education level with undergraduate degree as the reference
 No formal education 40.1 (2.77–581.52) 0.007 2.66 (0.33–21.62) 0.361    
 Primary 15.4 (1.09–217.12) 0.043 0.74 (0.10–5.64) 0.769    
 Lower secondary 14.5 (1.06–197.14) 0.045 0.74 (0.10–5.40) 0.758    
 Upper secondary 14.1 (1.02–196.13) 0.048 0.44 (0.06–3.30) 0.427    
 High school certificate /diploma 13.7 (0.57–326.01) 0.106 0.24 (0.02–3.00) 0.262    
Household income with above PLI as the reference
 Hardcore poor 0.48 (0.18–1.27) 0.139 0.34 (0.14–0.85) 0.020 0.56 (0.09–3.36) 0.525
 Poor 0.53 (0.17–1.60) 0.256 0.48 (0.17–1.34) 0.161 0.65 (0.08–5.20) 0.688
Occupation with public / private employee as the reference
 Unemployed 0.27 (0.05–1.47) 0.129 2.04 (0.42–9.79) 0.375 3.83 (0.15–99.29) 0.418
 Home maker 0.29 (0.05–1.79) 0.182 2.23 (0.44–11.45) 0.336 3.43 (0.12–101.34) 0.476
 Self employed 0.28 (0.06–1.31) 0.106 2.64 (0.62–11.22) 0.187 1.98 (0.12–33.22) 0.634
Age with ≥60y as the reference
 19 – 29y 0.37 (0.10–1.40) 0.143 1.70 (0.52–5.57) 0.384 0 0 0.997
 30 – 59y 0.34 (0.14–0.79) 0.012 1.59 (0.71–3.58) 0.260 0.21 (0.06–0.75) 0.016
Gender with females as the reference
 Males 1.96 (0.62–6.15) 0.252 2.44 (0.92–6.48) 0.074 2.16 (0.26–17.67) 0.473
 Waist circumference (cm) 1.09 (1.04–1.14) < 0.001 1.04 (1.00–1.08) 0.085 1.07 (1.00–1.15) 0.044
 BMI (kg/m2) 1.20 (0.77–1.86) 0.543 0.86 (0.58–1.29) 0.472 1.09 (0.41–2.90) 0.867
  1. a OR for education level for diabetes was not reported as there were no respondents who were diabetic with foundation / high school / diploma and undergraduate degree levels