Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents

From: Non-communicable diseases among low income adults in rural coastal communities in Eastern Sabah, Malaysia

Characteristics Sex, N (column %) All (n = 330)
Men (n = 133) Women (n = 197)
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age group (years) 43.0 ± 16.4a 44.1 ± 15.4a 43.7 ± 15.8a
 19–29 32 (24.1) 38 (19.3) 70 (21.3)
 30–59 80 (60.2) 134 (68.0) 214 (64.8)
  ≥ 60 21 (15.8) 25 (12.7) 46 (13.9)
Ethnic group
 Bajau 131 (98.5) 193 (98.0) 324 (98.2)
 Bugis 0 (0.0) 2 (1.0) 2 (0.6)
 Jawa 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.3)
 Suluk 1 (0.8) 1 (0.5) 2 (0.6)
 Sungai 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5) 1 (0.3)
Religion
 Islam 133 (100.0) 197 (100.0) 330 (100.0)
Educational level
 No formal education 20 (15.0) 63 (32.0) 83 (25.2)
 Primary school 26 (19.5) 39 (19.8) 65 (19.7)
 Secondary school 75 (56.4) 83 (42.1) 158 (47.9)
 High school certificate / Diploma 7 (5.3) 9 (4.6) 16 (4.8)
 Bachelor’s degree 5 (3.8) 3 (1.5) 8 (2.4)
Marital status
 Single 39 (29.3) 38 (19.3) 77 (23.3)
 Married 88 (66.2) 128 (65.0) 216 (65.5)
 Divorced/Separated 0 (0.0) 2 (1.0) 2 (0.6)
 Widow/Widower 6 (4.5) 29 (14.7) 35 (10.6)
Occupation
 Unemployed 32 (24.1) 31 (15.7) 63 (19.1)
 Housewife 0 (0.0) 144 (73.1) 144 (43.6)
 Self-employed 83 (62.4) 19 (9.6) 102 (30.9)
 Employed 18 (13.5) 3 (1.5) 21 (6.4)
 Household income (RM/month) 750.0 ± 713.0a 618.8 ± 443.6a 671.7 ± 569.9a
 Hardcore poor 97 (72.9) 142 (72.1) 239 (72.4)
 Poor 15 (11.3) 32 (16.2) 47 (14.2)
 Above PLI 21 (15.8) 23 (11.7) 44 (13.3)
Household size (Number of individuals) 6.4 ± 3.1a 6.8 ± 3.2a 6.7 ± 3.2a
 1–5 59 (44.4) 70 (35.5) 129 (39.1)
  ≥ 6 74 (55.6) 127 (64.5) 201 (60.9)
Smoking status
 Smoker 31 (23.3) 7 (3.6) 38 (11.5)
 Non/Ex-smoker 102 (76.7) 190 (96.4) 292 (88.5)
  1. a Values are in mean ± S.D.