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Table 1 Teenage pregnancy by the Individual and Community level background characteristics among the study population (n = 2679), Ethiopia 2016

From: Predictors of teenage pregnancy in Ethiopia: a multilevel analysis

Background characteristics Teenage pregnancy, % Total; n (%)
Individual women characteristics
Contraception use
 Yes 74.74 883(33)
 No 83.29 1796(67)
Age at first marriage
 Married before 15 96.82 883 (32.95)
 Married at 15–17 92.12 1161(43.35)
 Not married before age 18 38.2 635(23.70)
Sexual experience
 Active before 15 96.29 800(29.87)
 Active at 15–17 90.64 1277(47.68)
 Active at age 18 and above 42.71 602(22.45)
Educational status of women
 No education 87.57 1257(46.94)
 Primary 79.45 1164(43.46)
 secondary or above 61.68 257(9.60)
Employment status of women
 Employed 78.26 933(34.84)
 Not employed 82.26 1746(65.16)
Wealth index
 Poor 85.44 1370(51.13)
 Middle 81.89 535(19.97)
 Rich 72.35 774(28.90)
Media exposure
 Both at least once a week 68.97 101(3.78)
 Either at least once a week 71.94 399(14.90)
 No accesses at least once a week 83.45 2179(81.32)
Community level characteristics
Place of residence
vUrban 67.3 225(8.57)
 Rural 84.01 2403 (91.43)
Community wealth status
 Lower proportion of poor 75.26 1491(55.66)
 Higher proportion of poor 85.44 1188(44.34)
Community media exposure
 Higher proportion have exposure 77.45 1281(47.81)
 Lower proportion have exposure 84.33 1398(52.19)
Community contraception use
 Higher proportion of users 73.4 1540(57.50)
 Lower proportion of users 86.55 1139(42.50)
Community unmet need for family planning
 Higher proportion with unmet need 83.35 1749(65.28)
 Lower proportion with unmet need 78.52 930(34.72)
Community educational status
 Higher proportion of educated 76.35 1314(49.05)
 Lower proportion of educated 85.36 1365 (50.95)