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Table 4 Multiple regression analysis of risk factors associated with HBV exposure in individuals living in poverty in the metropolitan region of Goiânia, Central Brazil, 2016

From: Epidemiology of hepatitis B virus infection in people living in poverty in the central-west region of Brazil

Risk factors APR (95.0% CI)a p-valueb
Age (years) 1.04 (1.01–1.07) 0.002
Education (years) 1.06 (0.96–1.17) 0.243
Female sex 2.18 (1.01–4.73) 0.048
History of hepatitis in the family 1.66 (0.73–3.77) 0.219
Injecting drug use 1.61 (0.29–8.78) 0.578
Sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol 2.49 (1.09–5.67) 0.029
Age of first sexual intercourse 1.04 (0.98–1.10) 0.168
STIs history 0.64 (0.21–1.95) 0.439
Treponema pallidum exposure 3.10 (1.36–7.06) 0.007
  1. Abbreviations: HBV: hepatitis B virus; APR: Adjusted prevalence ratio; STIs: Sexually transmitted infections; 95.0% CI: 95.0% Confidence interval
  2. aModel adjusted for age, sex, education, history of hepatitis in the family, injecting drug use, sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol, age at first sexual intercourse, STIs history and exposure to Treponema pallidum; Wald chi-squared test; McFadden’s R2: 0.154
  3. bWald statistic