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Table 3 Pathogen-specific case fatality ratios (CFR) among children aged < 2 years and adults aged ≥18 years hospitalized with acute respiratory infection (ARI) in Guatemala from September 2007 through December 2013 (N = 6385)

From: Factors associated with fatal cases of acute respiratory infection (ARI) among hospitalized patients in Guatemala

Pathogen CFR in children < 2 years (%) CFR in adults ≥18 (%)
Influenza Aa 14/193 (7) 18/134 (13)
Adenovirusa 23/422 (5) 12/74 (16)
Parainfluenza 1/2/3a 14/459 (3) 11/73 (15)
Respiratory syncytial virusa 50/1682 (3) 11/98 (11)
Human metapneumovirusa 9/366 (2) 3/28 (11)
Influenza Ba 1/41 (2) 1/23 (4)
Staphylococcus aureus b 0/21 (0) 2/5 (40)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa b 0/3 (0) 0/1 (0)
Streptococcus pneumoniae b 3/14 (21)
Streptococcus pneumoniae c   16/163 (10)
Viral co-infection with S. pneumoniaed 5/55 (9)
  1. aTested by NP/OP swab
  2. bTested by blood culture
  3. cTested by urine antigen testing
  4. dIncludes blood culture and urine antigen tested for adults ≥18 years