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Table 5 Adjusted odds ratios (OR) a for major depressive episode among older adults in SAGE participant countries, 2007–2010. Unaffiliated as reference category

From: Religious affiliation and major depressive episode in older adults: a cross-sectional study in six low- and middle- income countries

Religious affiliation China Ghana India Mexico Russia South Africa
  OR (CI 95%)
None Reference
Buddhist 0.7 (0.2–2.1) NE 1.6 (0.3–8.0) NE NE NE
Christian 1.6 (0.3–8.1) 1.4 (0.6–3.3) 0.5 (0.0–5.8) 0.7 (0.2–2.5) 1.1 (0.5–2.3) 0.7 (0.1–3.2)
Hindu NE NE 0,6 (0.2–1.8) 1.2 (0.2–6.7) NE 2.1 (0.4–12.2)
Muslim 2.4 (0.3–16.8) 2.6 (1.1–6.4) 0.8 (0.2–2.5) 1.1 (0.1–9.2) 1.1 (0.4–3.1) 2.9 (0.2–37.7)
Other NE 1.5 (0.6–3.7) NE 1.6 (0.3–8.5) 1.8 (0.4–8.2) 7.1 (0.9–52.2)
  1. aAdjusted by all variables that appear in Table 1. Odds ratios in each column are within-country. NE: Non-estimable
  2. The significance of the boldface data is indicated by the CI 95% not including the null value of 1