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Table 3 Factors associated with malaria outbreak in Laelay Adyabo district, Northern Ethiopia 2017

From: Risk factors associated with malaria outbreak in Laelay Adyabo district northern Ethiopia, 2017: case-control study design

Factors Category Cases n = 60 No (%) Controls n = 120 No (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Sex Male 43 (71.7) 59 (49.2) 2.62 (1.34–5.09)* 0.89 (0.33–2.36)
Female 17 (28.3) 61 (50.8) 1.00  
Outdoor over night Yes 28 (46.7) 17 (14.2) 4.32 (2.16–8.67)* 3.7 (1.44–9.56)**
No 32 (53.3) 103 (85.8) 1.00  
ITNs Yes 46 (76.7) 102 (85) 0.58 (0.27–1.27) 0.97 (0.31–3.01)
No 14 (23.3) 18 (15) 1.00  
Mosquito breeding site Yes 49 (81.7) 34 (28.3) 11.27 (5.24–24.21)* 9.08 (3.6–22.93)**
No 11 (18.30 86 (71.7) 1.00  
Repellent Yes 02 (3.3) 24 (20) 0.14 (0.03–0.61)* 0.35 (0.06–1.92)
No 58 (96.7) 96 (80) 1.00  
Protective cloths Yes 20 (33.3) 82 (68.3) 0.23 (0.12–0.45)* 0.27 (0.11–0.66)**
No 40 (66.7) 38 (31.7) 1.00  
Waste collection material in their house Yes 15 (25) 86 (71.7) 0.13 (0.06–0.27)* 0.25 (0.11–0.61)**
No 45 (75) 34 (28.3) 1.00  
Intermittent river Yes 39 (65) 19 (15.8) 9.87 (4.8–20.33)* 2.13 (0.8–5.65)
No 21 (35) 101 (84.2) 1.00  
Knowledge on Sign and symptom Good 52 (86.7) 115 (95.8) 0.28 (0.09–0.91)* 0.99 (0.14–7.18)
Poor 8 (13.3) 5 (4.2) 1.00  
Knowledge on transmissions Good 42 (70) 107 (89.2) 0.28 (0.13–0.63)* 0.25 (0.08–0.75)**
Poor 18 (30) 13 (10.8) 1.00  
  1. *Significant variable in bivariate analysis ** significant variables in multivariable analysis