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Table 5 Public belief and attitude scores towards judicious use of antibiotics, pre- and post-intervention, Minya, 2011a

From: An educational intervention to promote appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections in a district in Egypt- pilot study

  Parents of pediatric patients Adult patients
Pre-intervention (n = 227) Post-intervention (n = 343) Pre-intervention (n = 123) Post-intervention (n = 280)
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Healthcare provider should not prescribe antibiotics unnecessarily 4.1 ± 1.5 4.3 ± 1.3 4.0 ± 1.6 4.2 ± 1.4
You should not try to persuade a doctor to prescribe antibiotics 4.1 ± 1.5 4.4 ± 1.0 4.1 ± 1.6 4.4 ± 1.2
Too many people are treated with antibiotics when not necessary 2.9 ± 2.0 3.3 ± 1.9 2.7 ± 1.9 3.4 ± 1.9
Overuse of antibiotics can make bacteria more resistant to antibiotics 1.5 ± 1.9 1.8 ± 2.2 1.6 ± 2.1 2.1 ± 2.3
Giving an antibiotic to a patient with cold symptoms can prevent an infection from occurring 1.7 ± 1.9 1.2 ± 1.6 1.7 ± 1.9 1.2 ± 1.6
It is worth trying an antibiotic when someone has cold symptoms for 5 days 2.1 ± 1.8 2.0 ± 1.6 2.2 ± 1.8 1.9 ± 1.5
Treatment with antibiotics is necessary when nasal discharge turns from yellow to green in color 1.0 ± 1.6 1.4 ± 1.5 1.1 ± 1.6 1.1 ± 1.4
Antibiotics help cold symptoms clear up more quickly 1.8 ± 1.5 1.9 ± 1.7 2.0 ± 1.7 1.9 ± 1.7
Antibiotics are helpful in treating colds 1.9 ± 1.6 1.9 ± 1.7 2.2 ± 1.7 1.9 ± 1.7
Overall Scores 2.3 ± 0.9 2.5 ± 1.0 2.4 ± 0.9 2.6 ± 1.0
  1. aAll responses ranged from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree.” For questions where agreement supported proper antibiotic use, a response of “strongly agree” was scored a 5 and “strongly disagree” was scored a 0. For questions where disagreement supported proper antibiotic use, a response of “strongly disagree” was scored a 5 and “strongly agree” was scored a 0.