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Table 3 Belief and attitude scores regarding the judicious use of antibiotics among physicians and pharmacists pre- and post-interventiona

From: An educational intervention to promote appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections in a district in Egypt- pilot study

  Physicians Pharmacists
Pre-intervention n = 237 Post-intervention n = 289 Pre-intervention n = 483 Post-intervention n = 596
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Physicians should never prescribe antibiotics when they are unnecessary 4.8 ± 0.7 4.7 ± 0.7 4.5 ± 1.1 4.6 ± 1.0
Too many people are treated with antibiotics when not necessary 3.5 ± 1.5 3.3 ± 1.7 3.7 ± 1.4 3.8 ± 1.5
Overuse of antibiotics can make bacteria more resistant to antibiotics 4.6 ± 0.9 4.7 ± 1.0 3.9 ± 1.7 4.1 ± 1.5
Giving an antibiotic to a patient with cold symptoms can prevent an infection from occurring 3.9 ± 1.4 4.3 ± 1.2 3.5 ± 1.4 3.6 ± 1.6
It is worth trying an antibiotic when someone has cold symptoms for 5 days 3.9 ± 1.2 4.3 ± 1.1 2.8 ± 1.6 3.7 ± 1.5
Using antibiotics frequently doesn’t make them less effective 4.5 ± 1.2 4.7 ± 0.9 3.8 ± 1.6 4.4 ± 1.3
Treatment with antibiotics is necessary when nasal discharge turns from yellow to green in color 1.8 ± 1.2 3.2 ± 1.6 1.4 ± 1.2 3.0 ± 1.7
Antibiotics help cold symptoms clear up more quickly 4.3 ± 1.1 4.6 ± 0.9 3.4 ± 1.5 4.1 ± 1.4
Antibiotics are helpful in treating colds 4.2 ± 1.1 4.7 ± 0.7 3.2 ± 1.5 4.0 ± 1.4
Overall scores 3.8 ± 0.5 4.0 ± 0.7 3.3 ± 0.9 4.0 ± 1.2
  1. aAll responses ranged from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree.” For questions where agreement supported proper antibiotic use, a response of “strongly agree” was scored a 5 and “strongly disagree” was scored a 0. For questions where disagreement supported proper antibiotic use, a response of “strongly disagree” was scored a 5 and “strongly agree” was scored a 0.