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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of study population in pre and post intervention surveys, Minya, 2012

From: An educational intervention to promote appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections in a district in Egypt- pilot study

Characteristic Pre-intervention Post-intervention
N % N %
Adult patientsa (≥18 years old) N = 113 N = 277
 Age in years (mean ± SD) 37.2 ± 16   36.0 ± 17  
 Males 42 37.2 111 40.1
 Education
  Illiterate 50 44.2 169 61.0
  Primary education 22 19.5 39 14.1
  Secondary 30 26.5 54 19.5
  University 11 9.7 15 5.4
Pediatric patientsa (< 18 years old) N = 218 N = 330
 Age in years (mean ± SD) 4.9 ± 4   4.4 ± 3  
 Males 109 50.0 188 57.0
 Education
  Illiterate (Parents) 90 41.3 213 64.5
  Primary education 48 22.0 39 11.8
  Secondary 73 33.5 56 17.0
  University 7 3.2 22 6.7
Clinicians N = 237 N = 289
 Age in years (mean ± SD) 41.2 ± 11   39.3 ± 11  
 Males 134 56.5 131 45.3
 Specialty
  General Practice/ Family medicine 65 27.4 104 36.0
  Internal Medicine 63 26.6 71 24.6
  Pediatrician 59 24.9 71 24.6
  Chest 21 8.9 14 4.8
  Tropical Medicine 15 6.3 11 3.8
  ENT 14 5.9 18 6.2
 Type of work facility
  Governmental health facility 214 90.3 199 68.9
  Governmental + private health facility 23 9.7 90 31.1
Pharmacists N = 483 N = 596
 Type of Pharmacy
  Private 345 71.4 397 66.6
  Hospital 97 20.1 190 31.9
  Primary Health Unit 41 8.5 9 1.5
 Respondent
  Pharmacist 307 63.6 466 78.2
  Assistant 176 36.4 130 21.8
 Age in years (mean ± SD) 30.6 ± 10   29.7 ± 9  
 Males 272 56.3 296 49.7
 Mean No. of years of experience 8.3 ± 9   7.0 ± 8  
 Mean No. of customers/day 79.5 ± 104   67.2 ± 85  
  1. aPatients with pneumonia excluded