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Table 2 Pathogens detected through enhanced surveillance for severe pneumonia, by patient outcome, Thailand 2010–2015

From: Enhanced surveillance for severe pneumonia, Thailand 2010–2015

Findings Age < 5 years Age > 5 years
Fatal cases (%) Non-fatal cases (%) Overall (%) Fatal cases (%) Non-fatal cases (%) Overall (%)
 Reported cases 60 (6.2) 540 (55.5) 600 (61.7) 160 (16.5) 212 (21.8) 372 (38.3)
 Cases with positive laboratory results 31 (5.3) 368 (62.5) 399 (67.7) 94 (16) 96 (6.3) 190 (32.3)
Virusa 17 (3) 167 (28.4) 184 (31.2) 21 (3.6) 31 (5.3) 52 (8.8)
 RSV 7 (1.2) 103 (17.5) 110 (18.7) 3 (0.5) 7 (1.2) 10 (1.7)
 Adenovirus 2 (0.3) 26 (4.4) 28 (4.7) 1 (0.1) 0 1 (0.16)
 Human metapneumovirus 2 (0.3) 13 (2.2) 15 (2.5) 2 (0.3) 3 (0.5) 5 (0.8)
 Influenza virus A (H1N1) pdm009 1 (0.1) 29 (0.3) 3 (0.5) 7 (1.2) 7 (1.2) 14 (2.4)
 Parainfluenza type 3 2 (0.3) 9 (1.5) 11 (1.8) 2 (0.3) 3 (0.5) 5 (0.8)
 Influenza virus A/H3 2 (0.3) 3 (0.5) 5 (0.8) 5 (0.8) 4 (0.7) 9 (1.5)
 Parainfluenza type 1 0 5 (0.8) 5 (0.8) 0 2 (0.3) 2 (0.3)
 Influenza virus B 0 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 5 (0.8) 6 (1)
 Parainfluenza type 2 1 (0.1) 5 (0.8) 6 (1) 0 0 0
Bacteriab 7 (1.2) 59 (10) 66 (11.2) 31 (5.2) 31 (5.2) 62 (10.5)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae 1 (0.1) 19 (3.2) 20 (3.4) 9 (1.5) 12 (2.0) 21 (3.5)
Chlamydophila pneumoniae 1 (0.1) 14 (2.4) 15 (2.5) 2 (0.3) 3 (0.5) 5 (0.8)
Haemophilus influenzae 1 (0.1) 8 (1.3) 9 (1.5) 3 (0.5) 4 (0.7) 7 (1.2)
Moraxella catarrhalis 1 (0.1) 11 (1.8) 12 (20.3) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 2 (0.3)
Klebsiella pneumoniae 2 (0.3) 4 (0.7) 6 (1) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.3) 49 (0.7)
Streptococcus pneumoniae 0 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 5 (0.8) 4 (0.7) 9 (1.5)
Staphylococcus aureus 1 (0.1) 0 1 (0.1) 3 (0.5) 3 (0.5) 6 (1)
Acinetobacter baumannii 0 0 0 3 (0.5) 0 2 (0.3)
Escherichia coli 0 2 (0.3) 2 (0.3) 0 0 0
Burkholderia pseudomallei 0 0 0 2 (0.3) 0 2 (0.3)
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus 0 0 0 1 (0.1) 0 1 (0.1)
Legionella spp. 0 0 0 0 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 0 0 0 0 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1)
Mixed detection 7 (1.2) 142 (24.1) 149 (25.3) 42 (7.1) 34 (5.8) 76 (12.9)
 Mixed viral detection 1 (0.1) 9 (1.5) 10 (1.7) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 2 (0.3)
 Mixed bacterial detection 1 (0.1) 25 (4.2) 26 (4.4) 26 (4.4) 15 (2.5) 41 (6.9)
 Mixed viral and bacterial detection 5 (0.8) 108 (18.3) 113 (19.2) 15 (2.5) 18 (3) 33 (5.6)
  1. aSingle viral pathogen identified
  2. bSingle bacterial pathogen identified