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Table 1 General characteristics of study patients with influenza-associated illnesses in Kenya, July 2013–August 2014

From: The cost of influenza-associated hospitalizations and outpatient visits in Kenya

Variable All data (n = 275) Inpatients Outpatients
< 5 years (n = 88) ≥5 years (n = 17) Total (n = 105) < 5 years (n = 112) ≥5 years (n = 58) Total (n = 170)
Hospital, n(%)
 Coast PGH 38 (13.8) 25 (28.4) 0 (0.0) 25 (23.8) 13 (11.6) 0 (0.0) 13 (7.7)
 Nyeri PGH 35 (12.7) 28 (31.8) 5 (29.4) 33 (31.4) 2 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.2)
 Nakuru PGH 98 (35.6) 35 (39.8) 12 (70.6) 47 (44.8) 45 (40.2) 6 (10.3) 51 (30.0)
 Tabitha Clinic (Kibera) 89 (32.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 48 (42.9) 41 (70.7) 89 (52.4)
 St. Elizabeth Hosp. (Lwak) 15 (5.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (3.6) 11 (19.0) 15 (8.8)
Sex of patient (Male), n(%) 135 (49.1) 50 (56.8) 7 (41.2) 57 (54.3) 58 (51.8) 20 (34.5) 78 (45.9)
Age of patient (< 5 years), n(%) 200 (72.7) 88 (100.0) N/A 88 (83.81) 112 (100.0) N/A 112 (65.9)
Relationship of respondent to patient, n(%)
 Self 31 (11.3) 0 (0.0) 8 (47.1) 9 (8.6) 0 (0.0) 22 (37.9) 22 (12.9)
 Mother 222 (80.7) 81 (92.0) 8 (47.1) 88 (83.8) 105 (93.8) 29 (50.0) 134 (78.8)
 Father 13 (4.7) 4 (4.6) 0 (0.0) 4 (3.8) 6 (5.4) 3 (5.2) 9 (5.3)
 Other 9 (3.3) 3 (3.4) 1 (5.9) 4 (3.8) 1 (0.9) 4 (6.9) 5 (2.9)
Sought care prior to this hospitalization/outpatient visit, n(%) 107 (38.9) 58 (65.9) 10 (58.8) 68 (64.8) 34 (30.4) 5 (8.6) 39 (22.9)
 Purchased any medications prior to hospital/clinic visit, n(%) 77/107 (72.0) 42/58 (72.4) 7/10 (70.0) 49/68 (72.1) 24/34 (70.6) 4/5 (80.0) 28/39 (71.8)
Sought care after discharge from the hospital/clinic, n(%) 26 (9.5) 8 (9.1) 3 (17.7) 11 (10.5) 11 (9.8) 4 (6.9) 15 (8.8)
Household member(s) missed work due to illness, n(%) 177 (64.4) 72 (81.8) 17 (100.0) 89 (84.8) 54 (48.2) 34 (58.6) 88 (51.8)
Total number of workdays lost in a household, median(IQR) 4 (3–8) 7 (4–10) 6 (3–13) 6 (4–10) 3 (2–6) 3 (2–5) 3 (2–5)
Average number of household workdays lost due to illness, median (IQR)a 4 (2–7) 5 (3–9) 6 (3–12) 5 (3–9) 3 (2–5) 3 (2–4) 3 (2–5)
Household member(s) missed school due to illness, n(%) 90 (32.7) 17 (19.3) 6 (35.3) 23 (21.9) 35 (31.3) 32 (55.2) 67 (39.4)
Total number of school days missed, median(IQR) 4 (3–6) 2 (1–6) 5 (4–9) 3 (1–6) 3 (2–6) 4 (3–7) 4 (3–6)
Paid for child care in the course of sickness, n(%) 6 (2.2) 3 (3.4) 0 (0.0) 3 (2.9) 1 (0.9) 2 (3.5) 3 (1.8)
Paid for child care in the course of sickness, n(%) 6 (2.2) 3 (3.4) 0 (0.0) 3 (2.9) 1 (0.9) 2 (3.5) 3 (1.8)
  1. NA Not applicable; aCalculated as the total number of workdays lost by all household members who reported to be engaged in an income activity divided by the number of persons who reported to be engaged in an income activity