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Table 5 Changes in out-of-clinic time use by intensity (MARCA; min/day) in the standard clinic (C) and text message-enhanced clinic (EC)

From: Feasibility, acceptability and efficacy of a text message-enhanced clinical exercise rehabilitation intervention for increasing ‘whole-of-day’ activity in people living with and beyond cancer

   Week 4 (clinic cessation) Week 12 (text cessation) Week 12-Week 4
n M (95%CI) p n M (95%CI) p M (95%CI) p
Sleep C 17 51.2 (18.1, 84.4) 0.002 15 21.3 (−13.6, 56.2) 0.232 −29.9 (−61.2, 1.4) 0.061
EC 18 1.9 (−30.1, 33.8) 0.909 15 36.0 (1.5, 70.5) 0.041 34.1 (3.0, 65.2) 0.032
EC-C   −49.3 (−97.7, −1.0) 0.046   14.7 (− 36.7, 66.1) 0.575 64.0 (19.9, 108.2) 0.004
Sitting C 17 −10.4 (−54.8, 34.1) 0.648 15 14.4 (−37.7, 66.6) 0.587 24.8 (−18.4, 68) 0.260
EC 18 −29.5 (−72.5, 13.5) 0.178 15 −65.7 (−117.2, − 14.2) 0.012 − 36.2 (− 79.2, 6.9) 0.100
EC-C   −19.2 (−84.5, 46.2) 0.566   −80.1 (− 156.5, − 3.8) 0.040 − 61.0 (− 121.9, 0.0) 0.050
LPA C 17 2.1 (−31.9, 36.1) 0.903 15 15.5 (−13.6, 44.6) 0.297 13.4 (−23.8, 50.6) 0.481
EC 18 13.6 (−19.1, 46.4) 0.415 15 8.4 (−20.7, 37.6) 0.570 −5.2 (−41.8, 31.4) 0.782
EC-C   11.5 (−37.7, 60.7) 0.647   −7.1 (−50.5, 36.4) 0.750 −18.6 (−70.8, 33.6) 0.486
MPA C 17 −37.2 (−72.3, −2.2) 0.037 15 −52.9 (−80.3, − 25.6) < 0.001 −15.7 (− 52.7, 21.3) 0.405
EC 18 −1.8 (− 35.6, 32.0) 0.916 15 −7.5 (− 35.0, 20.0) 0.592 − 5.7 (−42.1, 30.7) 0.759
EC-C   35.4 (−14.9, 85.7) 0.168   45.4 (4.4, 86.4) 0.030 10.0 (−41.8, 61.8) 0.705
VPA C 17 0.2 (−6.3, 6.6) 0.956 15 5.2 (−12.0, 22.4) 0.554 5.0 (−12.4, 22.4) 0.573
EC 18 11.4 (5.1, 17.7) < 0.001 15 19.6 (2.5, 36.8) 0.025 8.2 (−9.2, 25.6) 0.354
EC-C   11.2 (1.5, 20.9) 0.023   14.4 (−10.1, 39.0) 0.249 3.2 (−21.4, 27.8) 0.798
MVPA C 17 −40.1 (−75, −5.3) 0.024 15 −50.1 (−79.1, − 21.1) 0.001 − 10.0 (− 41.5, 21.5) 0.534
EC 18 13.0 (−20.5, 46.6) 0.446 15 17.1 (−11.7, 46.0) 0.244 4.1 (−27.0, 35.2) 0.797
EC-C   53.2 (2.9, 103.5) 0.038   67.3 (24.0, 110.6) 0.002 14.1 (−30.1, 58.3) 0.533
  1. LPA light physical activity, MPA moderate physical activity, VPA vigorous physical activity, MVPA moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Table presents mean change over time or mean difference between groups (M) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI) as estimated by mixed models adjusting for baseline values of the outcome, age (years), gender (male/female), time since diagnosis (months) and number of medications currently taken (0/1/≥2). Bold text indicates changes that were significant at p < 0.05