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Table 4 Changes in out-of-clinic activity (activPAL; min/16 h awake) in the standard clinic (C) and text message-enhanced clinic (EC)

From: Feasibility, acceptability and efficacy of a text message-enhanced clinical exercise rehabilitation intervention for increasing ‘whole-of-day’ activity in people living with and beyond cancer

   Week 4 (clinic cessation) Week 12 (text cessation) Week 12-Week 4
n M (95%CI) p n M (95%CI) p M (95%CI) p
Sitting (min/16 h awake) C 18 1.7 (−18.4, 21.8) 0.869 15 −0.5 (−30.2, 29.3) 0.975 −2.2 (−29.9, 25.6) 0.878
EC 18 −14.7 (−34.8, 5.3) 0.151 17 −48.2 (−76.4, − 20.0) 0.001 −33.5 (−59.7, − 7.3) 0.012
EC-C   −16.4 (− 46.2, 13.4) 0.281   −47.7 (−89.9, − 5.6) 0.023 − 31.3 (−69.5, 6.8) 0.107
Prolonged sitting in ≥20 min bouts (min/16 h awake) C 18 −8.2 (− 29.7, 13.2) 0.452 15 −8.3 (− 36.7, 20.2) 0.569 0.0 (− 24.8, 24.7) 0.998
EC 18 −16.3 (−37.7, 5.2) 0.137 17 −40.6 (−67.8, − 13.5) 0.003 −24.4 (− 47.7, − 1.1) 0.041
EC-C   −8.0 (−39.9, 23.8) 0.622   −32.4 (−73.0, 8.3) 0.119 −24.4 (−58.4, 9.6) 0.160
Usual sitting bout duration (min) C 18 −1.6 (−3.7, 0.5) 0.143 15 −0.1 (−2.6, 2.3) 0.910 1.4 (−1.0, 3.9) 0.247
EC 18 −0.7 (−2.8, 1.4) 0.526 17 −2.8 (−5.1, − 0.4) 0.019 −2.1 (−4.4, 0.2) 0.076
EC-C   0.9 (−2.2, 4.0) 0.573   −2.6 (−6.2, 0.9) 0.143 −3.5 (− 6.9, −0.2) 0.039
Standing (min/16 h awake) C 18 −4.4 (−18.4, 9.5) 0.535 15 2.2 (−30.8, 35.3) 0.894 6.7 (−26.4, 39.7) 0.693
EC 18 10.4 (−3.5, 24.4) 0.143 17 44.3 (13.2, 75.4) 0.005 33.9 (2.8, 65.0) 0.033
EC-C   14.8 (−6.1, 35.8) 0.164   42.1 (−3.9, 88.1) 0.073 27.2 (−18.1, 72.6) 0.239
Stepping (min/16 h awake) C 18 3.7 (−6.8, 14.3) 0.489 15 −0.5 (−14.1, 13.0) 0.940 −4.2 (−17.8, 9.3) 0.538
EC 18 3.5 (−6.9, 14.0) 0.510 17 2.5 (−10.3, 15.4) 0.698 −1.0 (− 13.8, 11.8) 0.881
EC-C   −0.2 (−15.7, 15.3) 0.979   3.1 (−16.2, 22.3) 0.756 3.3 (−15.3, 21.9) 0.731
Light stepping (min/16 h awake) C 18 1.0 (−0.7, 2.7) 0.247 15 0.8 (−4.0, 5.6) 0.749 −0.2 (− 4.6, 4.2) 0.916
EC 18 1.1 (−0.6, 2.9) 0.191 17 7.8 (3.2, 12.3) 0.001 6.6 (2.5, 10.7) 0.002
EC-C   0.1 (−2.4, 2.7) 0.921   7.0 (0.4, 13.6) 0.039 6.9 (0.8, 12.9) 0.026
Moderate-vigorous stepping (min/16 h awake) C 18 6.2 (−1.9, 14.3) 0.131 15 −0.4 (−7.3, 6.4) 0.906 −6.6 (− 14.7, 1.4) 0.105
EC 18 1.6 (− 6.3, 9.6) 0.685 17 −3.1 (−9.7, 3.4) 0.345 −4.8 (−12.5, 2.9) 0.222
EC-C   −4.6 (−16.4, 7.2) 0.447   −2.7 (−12.7, 7.3) 0.593 1.9 (− 9.2, 13.0) 0.743
  1. Table presents mean change over time or mean difference between groups (M) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI) as estimated by mixed models adjusting for baseline values of the outcome, age (years), gender (male/female), time since diagnosis (months) and number of medications currently taken (0/1/≥2). Bold text indicates changes that were significant at p < 0.05