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Table 1. Description of previous-day recall instruments and study designs

From: Use of previous-day recalls of physical activity and sedentary behavior in epidemiologic studies: results from four instruments

  ACT24: PA PAR: IA MARCA: AU cpar24: DE
Instrument Characteristics
 Mode of administration self-administered via computer computer-assisted telephone interview computer-assisted telephone interview self-administered via computer
 Number of activities 213 270 520 262
 Contextual and behavioral domains Sleep/napping; Personal care; Household chores; Transportation; Communicating; Leisure/social; Shopping/errands/appointments; Caring/play; Work for pay; Exercise/sports/recreation; Lawn and garden; Maintenance/repair; Church/spiritual; Miscellaneous Location: Work/Volunteer; Home Indoors; Home Outdoors; Transportation; Community Primary purpose: Work (paid job); Home/family; Volunteering; Exercise/Sports; Education; Leisure Physical activity; Screen time; Chores; Work/study; Sociocultural; Self-care; Transport; Sleep; Quiet time Sleep/reclining; Personal care; Food preparation/eating; Walking/transportation; Household chores; Occupational activity; Shopping/errands/appointments; Leisure/hobbies; Sports; Family and social; Outdoor; Lawn and garden; Miscellaneous
 Length of recall completion median 30 minutes mean 20 minutes mean 15 minutes mean 30 minutes
 Number activities reported/day 24.2 (SD=7.9) 25.3 (SD=7.6) 32.8 (SD=11.7) 23.1 (SD=9.7)
 Compendium used Ainsworth 2000 Ainsworth 2011 Ainsworth 2011; Ridley 2008 Ainsworth 2011
 Assessment of Posturea Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Sedentary classification Sitting or reclining activities during waking day, and low energy expenditure (typically < 1.8 METs)a Any waking activity ≤ 1.5 METs, regardless of body position Any activity expected to elicit ≤ 1.5 METs undertaken in a seated or lying position while awake Any out of bed activity ≤ 1.5 METs, regardless of body position
 Light intensity activity Non-sedentary, < 3 METs 1.6 to 2.9 METs 1.6 to 2.9 METs 1.6 to 2.9 METs
 Moderate-vigorous activity ≥ 3 METs ≥ 3 METs ≥ 3 METs ≥ 3 METs
Study Design(s)
 Sample-size (N) 1,020 1,468 2,307 3,491
 Age range 50-74 yrs 20-69 yrs 16-93 yrs 20-69 yrs
 Location Pittsburgh, PA USA Iowa, USA Australia, New Zealand Germany
 Study type Observational Observational Observation; interventions Observational
 Sampling frame Convenience sample Stratified random sample Convenience sample Stratified random sample
 Time-frame (calendar years) 2012-13 2014-18 2008-16 2014-present
  1. aSee text for details