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Table 3 Comparisons of participants who became aware of their disease condition and who remained unaware in 2015

From: Impact of disease screening on awareness and management of hypertension and diabetes between 2011 and 2015: results from the China health and retirement longitudinal study

Awareness in 2015 Unaware hypertension patients in 2011 (n = 2128) Unaware diabetes patients in 2011 (n = 1135)
Yes No p-value Yes No p-value
No. (%) 424 1704 163 972
 Age, No. (%)
 45–59 210 (49.5) 940 (55.2) < 0.01 90 (55.2) 513 (52.8) 0.80
 60–69 142 (33.5) 414 (24.3) 47 (28.8) 286 (29.4)
  > =70 72 (17.0) 350 (20.5) 26 (16.0) 173 (17.8)
Sex, No. (%)
 Men 213 (50.2) 816 (47.9) 0.39 58 (35.6) 482 (49.6) < 0.01
 Women 211 (49.8) 888 (52.1) 105 (64.4) 490 (50.4)
Hukou status, No. (%)
 Urban 158 (37.3) 337 (19.8) < 0.01 40 (24.5) 172 (17.7) 0.04
 Rural 266 (62.7) 1367 (80.2) 123 (75.5) 800 (82.3)
Education, No. (%)
 Illiterate 132 (31.1) 519 (30.5) 0.43 47 (28.8) 282 (29.0) 0.44
 Literate (< 5 yrs) 69 (16.3) 278 (16.3) 28 (17.2) 204 (21.0)
 Primary school (5–6 yrs) 107 (25.2) 380 (22.3) 30 (18.4) 196 (20.2)
 Junior school + (> 6 yrs) 116 (27.4) 527 (30.9) 58 (35.6) 290 (29.8)
Log (PCEa), No. (%)
 Bottom tertile (< 261 rmb) 155 (36.6) 568 (33.3) 0.24 57 (35.0) 327 (33.7) 0.44
 Middle tertile (261–702 rmb) 141 (33.3) 552 (32.4) 50 (30.6) 347 (35.7)
 Top tertile (> 702 rmb) 128 (30.1) 584 (34.3) 56 (34.4) 298 (30.7)
 Smoking status, No. (%)
 Current 41 (9.7) 112 (6.6) 0.04 16 (9.8) 95 (9.8) 0.08
 Ever 130 (30.7) 486 (28.5) 37 (22.7) 303 (31.2)
 None 253 (59.7) 1106 (64.9) 110 (67.5) 574 (59.1)
Past-year alcohol drinking, No. (%)
 Yes 157 (37.0) 610 (35.8) 0.64 43 (26.4) 353 (36.3) 0.01
 No 267 (63.0) 1094 (64.2) 120 (73.6) 619 (63.7)
BMI, No. (%)
  < 23 (Normal) 178 (42.0) 879 (51.6) < 0.01 29 (17.8) 442 (45.5) < 0.01
 23- < 27.5 (Overweight) 169 (39.8) 600 (35.2) 81 (49.6) 353 (36.3)
  > =27.5 (Obese) 77 (18.2) 225 (13.2) 53 (32.6) 177 (18.2)
  1. aPCE Per capita monthly household expenditure