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Table 1 Characteristics of CHARLS participants by awareness of hypertension and diabetes in 2011

From: Impact of disease screening on awareness and management of hypertension and diabetes between 2011 and 2015: results from the China health and retirement longitudinal study

Characteristic Total sample Hypertension Diabetes
Aware Unaware P-value Aware Unaware P-value
No. (%) 9357 2466 (26.4) 2128 (22.7) 568 (6.1) 1135 (12.1)
Age, No. (%)
 45–59 5170 (55.3) 1085 (44.0) 1550 (54.0) < 0.01 271 (47.7) 603 (53.1) < 0.01
 60–69 2711 (29.0) 881 (35.7) 556 (26.1) 210 (37.0) 333 (29.3)
  > =70 1476 (15.8) 500 (20.3) 422 (19.8) 87 (15.3) 199 (17.5)
Sex, No. (%)
 Men 4310 (46.1) 1077 (43.7) 1029 (48.4) < 0.01 248 (43.7) 540 (47.6) 0.13
 Women 5047 (53.9) 1389 (56.3) 1099 (51.6) 320 (56.3) 595 (52.4)
Hukou status, No. (%)
 Urban 1679 (17.9) 551 (22.3) 395 (18.6) < 0.01 177 (31.2) 212 (18.7) < 0.01
 Rural 7678 (82.1) 1915 (77.7) 1733 (81.4) 391 (68.8) 923 (81.3)
Education, No. (%)
 Illiterate 2682 (28.7) 734 (29.8) 651 (30.6) 0.09 138 (24.3) 329 (29.0) 0.03
 Literate (< 5 yrs) 1723 (18.4) 473 (19.2) 347 (16.3) 99 (17.4) 232 (20.4)
 Primary school (5–6 yrs) 2064 (22.1) 547 (22.2) 487 (22.9) 130 (22.9) 226 (19.9)
 Junior school + (> 6 yrs) 2888 (30.9) 712 (28.9) 643 (30.2) 201 (35.4) 348 (30.7)
Log (PCEa), No. (%)
 Bottom tertile (< 170 rmb) 3119 (33.3) 821 (33.3) 723 (34.0) 0.89 162 (28.6) 384 (33.8) < 0.01
 Middle tertile (170–519 rmb) 3119 (33.3) 810 (32.8) 693 (32.6) 163 (28.8) 396 (34.9)
 Top tertile (> 519 rmb) 3119 (33.3) 835 (33.9) 712 (33.4) 243 (42.6) 355 (31.3)
 Smoking status, No. (%)
 Current 2660 (28.4) 579 (23.5) 616 (29.0) < 0.01 121 (21.3) 340 (30.0) < 0.01
 Ever 813 (8.7) 280 (11.4) 153 (7.2) 75 (13.2) 111 (9.8)
 None 5884 (62.9) 1607 (65.2) 1359 (63.9) 372 (65.5) 684 (60.3)
Past-year alcohol drinking, No. (%)
 Yes 3058 (32.7) 675 (27.4) 767 (36.0) < 0.01 154 (27.1) 396 (34.9) < 0.01
 No 6299 (67.3) 1791 (72.6) 1361 (64.0) 414 (72.9) 739 (65.1)
BMI, No. (%)
  < 23 (Normal) 4482 (47.9) 754 (30.6) 1044 (49.1) < 0.01 145 (25.5) 472 (41.6) < 0.01
 23- < 27.5 (Overweight) 3528 (37.7) 1065 (43.2) 775 (36.4) 258 (45.5) 434 (38.2)
  > =27.5 (Obese) 1347 (14.4) 647 (26.2) 309 (14.6) 165 (29.0) 229 (20.2)
  1. aPCE Per capita monthly household expenditure