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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the study variables (n = 13,468)

From: Do trajectories of economic, work- and health-related disadvantages explain child welfare clients’ increased mortality risk? A prospective cohort study

  Men
n = 6849
Women
n = 6619
n % % among Investigated but not placed % among
Placed
% Deaths n % % among Investigated but not placed % among
Placed
% Deaths
Experience of OHC (1953–1972)
 Not investigated nor placed 5205 76.0     5714 86.3    
 Investigated but not placed 1008 14.7     348 5.3    
 Placed 636 9.3     557 8.4    
Trajectories of economic, work-, and health-related disadvantages: Men (1992–1999)
1. No S, U, or M 5207 76.0 66.9 59.3 2.3      
2. U, early 1990s 469 6.9 7.4 7.2 2.8      
3. S and/or U 275 4.0 6.1 6.6 5.1      
4. S and/or U, early 1990s 262 3.8 5.9 7.4 4.6      
5. S and/or U, mid-late 1990s 259 3.8 5.0 4.7 4.3      
6. S, U, and/or M, high levels 234 3.4 6.1 11.8 12.4      
7. U, late 1990s 143 2.1 2.8 3.0 4.9      
Trajectories of economic, work-, and health-related disadvantages: Women (1992–1999)
 1. No S, U, or M       4092 61.9 43.7 40.4 1.4
 2. S, U, and/or M, low levels       1022 15.4 21.3 26.6 1.8
 3. U, early 1990s       553 8.4 12.1 7.7 2.5
 4. U       304 4.6 6.9 5.4 2.0
 5. U, mid-1990s       274 4.1 4.6 3.2 1.5
 6. S, U, and/or M, high levels       211 3.2 5.5 9.3 7.6
 7. S, high levels, with some U and/or M       161 2.4 6.0 7.4 8.7
All-cause mortality (2000–2008)
 No 6644 97.0 95.8 94.5   6488 98.0 96.8 95.9  
 Yes 205 3.0 4.2 5.5   131 2.0 3.2 4.1  
  1. S Social welfare receipt, U Unemployment, M Mental health problems