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Table 2 Multivariate logistic regression analysis showing socio-demographic factors associated with cervical cancer screening of healthy women and treatment of women with cervical cancer

From: Sociodemographic inequities in cervical cancer screening, treatment and care amongst women aged at least 25 years: evidence from surveys in Harare, Zimbabwe

Service type Screening, n = 42 aTreatment, n = 92
Socio-demographic variables OR (adjusted for household head education and occupation) 95% CI p-value OR (adjusted for household head education, occupation and stage of presentation) 95% CI p-value
Province of residence
 Manicaland 0.57 0.07 to 4.53 0.596
 Masvingo 1.86 0.08 to 44.63 0.701
 Midlands 0.21 0.01 to 3.97 0.299
 Mashonaland Central 0.09 0.00 to 2.35 0.148
 Mashonaland East 0.45 0.06 to 3.32 0.439
 Mashonaland West 0.22 0.01 to 4.18 0.310
 Harare Ref
Age (years)
 25–44 0.21 0.02 to 1.90 0.166 0.46 to 13.66 0.653
 45 or more 0.29 0.02 to 3.50 0.327 0.95 0.2 to 4.77 0.952
Education
 Primary 0.22 to 895 0.718 0.18 0.00 to 7.54 0.371
 Secondary 2.14 0.23 to 19.82 0.500 0.37 to 12.91 0.583
 Higher Ref
 None Ref 0.08 0.00 to 4.31 0.212
Occupation
 Unemployed 0.10 0.01 to 1.60 0.103 0.22 0.01 to 5.03 0.347
 Professional 0.84 0.05 to 13.11 0.901 0.08 0.00 to 2.19 0.248
 Self employed Ref Ref 0.681
 Other 0.67 0.02 to 22.98 0.826 0.35 0.01 to 21.97 0.507
Marital status
 Married/co-habiting 0.39 to 4.26 0.438 0.14 0.01 to 1.24 0.415
 Never married 2.24 0.08 to 63.36 0.637
 Widowed 0.09 0.00 to 3.35 0.189 0.46 0.06 to 3.26 0.645
 Divorced or separated Ref Ref
Religion
 Roman Catholic 0.006 0.00 to 0.25 0.007 10.60 0.29 to 377 0.195
 Protestant 0.01 0.00 to 0.49 0.020 68.32 1.22 to 381 0.040
 Pentecostal 0.003 0.00 to 0.10 0.002 16.00 0.46 to 553 0.125
 Apostolic sect 0.02 0.00 to 0.93 0.045 22.00 0.57 to 846 0.097
 Other Ref Ref
Personal income (US$)
 No income 5.14 0.17 to 151 0.343 0.17 0.00 to 38.26 0.517
 < 200 4.47 0.14 to 148 0.401 0.54 0.00 to 80.20 0.808
 200–400 1.51 0.07 to 33 0.794 0.57 0.01 to 25.37 0.771
 430 or more Ref
Household income (US$)
 No income 0.52 0.04 to 6.63 0.618 32.74 to 7017 0.699
 < 600 0.13 to 6.23 0.300 5.18 0.06 to 436 0.214
 600–1000 0.50 0.02 to 12.41 0.672 0.23 0.01 to 38.23 0.972
 1200 or more Ref Ref
Medical insurance/aid
 Yes 7.24 0.67 to 78.68 0.104 0.84 0.11 to 6.52 0.874
 No Ref    Ref   
Wealth quintiles
 Poor 2.10 0.25 to 17.59 0.492 4.00 0.07 to 227 0.501
 Middle 0.04 to 2.05 0.107 0.46 0.07 to 2.95 0.414
 Rich 0.23 0.00 to 203 0.799 0.69 0.05 to 9.43 0.781
Sources of cervical cancer information
 Radio 1.18 0.02 to 58.95 0.934 0.16 0.01 to 2.83 0.210
 TV 5.48 0.08 to 396 0.436 0.16 0.01 to 3.39 0.236
 Health workers 0.26 0.02 to 2.72 0.260
 Other Ref Ref
Knowledge that cervical cancer is treatable
 Yes 4.95 0.21 to 119.27 0.324 1.60 0.21 to 12.10 0.648
 No 5.33 to 492.77 0.468 0.02 0.0 to 2.18 0.099
 Don’t Ref Ref
Number of visits to health facilities or doctors in previous 6 months
 None 0.02 0.0 to 0.59 0.024
 Once 0.08 0.0 to 0.93 0.044
 Twice 0.57 0.09 to 3.33 0.537
 Thrice or more Ref
Have regular general practitioner (doctor)
 Yes 0.10 0.01 to 1.82 0.121
 No Ref  
  1. Bold shows p value < =0.05 indicating statistical significance, a Treatment included surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy as well as palliative chemotherapy or radiation therapy