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Table 3 Socio-demographic, sexual health attitudes and practices, and sexual behavior characteristics between youth (aged 18 to 30 at baseline participating and not participating in youth-oriented HIV leadership programs in Vancouver, BC (n = 246; 889 visits)

From: HIV leadership programming attendance is associated with PrEP and PEP awareness among young, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in Vancouver, Canada

Characteristics Use of youth leadership programming (at each visit)? Unadjusted Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval (CI)
No (n = 717) Yes (n = 172)  
N (%) (%)  
Demographics
 Gender Identity
  Male 672 (93.7) 168 (97.7) 1.00
  Trans-man/Intersex 45 (6.3) 4 (2.3) 0.38 (0.03–5.37)
 Ethnicity
  White 515 (71.8) 130 (75.6) 1.00
  Asian 97 (13.5) 18 (10.5) 0.74 (0.24–2.29)
  Indigenous 36 (5.0) 14 (8.1) 1.54 (0.39–6.05)
  Other 69 (9.6) 10 5.8 0.57 (0.13–2.47)
 Sexual orientation
  Gay 598 (83.4) 141 (82.0) 1.00
  Bisexual 42 (5.9) 4 (2.3) 0.51 (0.10–2.49)
  Other 77 (10.7) 27 (15.7) 1.74 (0.57–5.37)
 HIV status
  HIV Negative 640 (89.3) 162 (94.2) 1.00
  HIV Positive 77 (10.7) 10 (5.8) 0.41 (0.06–2.63)
 Annual income
  Less than $30,000 350 (49.0) 98 (57.0) 1.00
  $30,000 to $59,999 247 (34.6) 57 (33.1) 1.14 (0.57–2.28)
  $60,000 and more 118 (16.5) 17 (9.9) 0.57 (0.17–1.87)
Behavior
 Sexual Risk, P6M
  No anal sex 117 (16.5) 26 (15.1) 0.60 (0.30–1.22)
  Only condom-protected anal intercourse 142 (20.1) 30 (17.4) 1.00
  Any condomless anal sex, but only seroconcordant 216 (30.5) 75 (43.6) 1.25 (0.75–2.09)
  Any serodiscordant condomless anal sex 233 (32.9) 41 (23.8) 0.69 (0.35–1.34)
 Any escort/sex work
  No 695 (96.9) 158 (91.9) 1.00
  Yes P6M 22 (3.1) 14 (8.1) 2.62 (0.80–8.61)
  Yes but not P6M 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) -
 Prevention Practice P6M: Consistent condom use
  No 278 (39.0) 70 (40.9) 1.00
  Yes 435 (61.0) 101 (59.1) 0.89 (0.59–1.34)
 Prevention Practice P6M: Seropositioning
  No 512 (71.8) 128 (74.9) 1.00
  Yes 201 (28.2) 43 (25.1) 0.95 (0.54–1.67)
 Prevention Practice P6M: Serosorting
  No 406 (56.9) 72 (42.1) 1.00
  Yes 307 (43.1) 99 (57.9) 1.55 (1.03–2.35)
 Prevention Practice P6M: Viral load sorting
  No 587 (82.3) 148 (86.6) 1.00
  Yes 126 (17.7) 23 (13.5) 0.68 (0.32–1.44)
 Prevention Practice P6M: Ask partner their HIV status
  No 243 (34.1) 70 (40.9) 1.00
  Yes 470 (65.9) 101 (59.1) 0.79 (0.52–1.21)
Attitudes and awareness
 Ever heard of PrEP
  No 131 (18.3) 18 (10.5) 1.00
  Yes 586 (81.7) 154 (89.5) 2.19 (1.12–4.29)
 Ever heard of nPEP
  No 96 (13.4) 7 (4.1) 1.00
  Yes 621 (86.6) 165 (95.9) 2.89 (1.20–6.92)
 HIV Treatment Optimism Scale Score per one score increase 27 (24–31) 28 (25–30) 1.06 (1.01–1.12)
 Health Care
 Have a GP
  No 271 (38.3) 81 (48.2) 1.00
  Yes 437 (61.7) 87 (51.8) 0.71 (0.33–1.53)
 Out to GP
  No 87 (19.9) 29 (33.3) 1.00
  Yes 350 (80.1) 58 (66.7) 0.51 (0.13–2.06)
 Ever HPV vaccination
  No 693 (98.4) 162 (96.4) 1.00
  Yes 11 (1.6) 6 (3.6) 1.48 (0.57–3.83)
  1. Bold are significant at p<0.05