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Table 6 Health seeking behaviour, treatment adherence and out of pocket expenses among people with diabetes and hypertension

From: Designing a comprehensive Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) programme for hypertension and diabetes at primary health care level: evidence and experience from urban Karnataka, South India

Section 1:Health seeking behaviour and treatment adherence
Parameter Hypertension (N = 64) Diabetes (N = 49) Co-existing hypertension and diabetes (N = 44)
Average duration of NCD (in years)# 4.34 y 6.19 y 8.07 y
Clients reported visiting facility at least once in last 12 months (%) 93.55 95.83 95.45
Number of visits in a year (Average) 4.56 4.44 5.41
Clients that had medicines at the time of interview (%) 92.06 97.92 97.73
Clients reported as consuming medicines regularly (%) 77.78 79.59 86.36
Clients that demonstrated NCD control as per investigations on the day of the interview (%)a 26.85 53.76 -NA-
Section 2: Average annual expenditure on NCD (USD) by disease type and facility type
Category Diabetes Hypertension Public sector Private sector
Medicines 21.42 13.85 4.43 26.58
Investigations 12.00 5.72 2.22 14.03
Consultation 8.12 5.91 2.40 10.52
Cumulative 42.54 25.48 8.68 50.95
  1. aCD control is good if blood pressure < 140/90 mm of Hg for Hypertension and blood sugar < 200 mg/dl for Diabetes