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Table 2 Prediction of depressive symptoms at the 2.5 year follow-up (T1) by SES1

From: Income and education predict elevated depressive symptoms in the general population: results from the Gutenberg health study

  Complete sample (T0) persons without elevated depressive symptoms at T0 persons with elevated depressive symptoms at T0
PHQ-2 ≥ 2 at T1 (2898/12484) PHQ-2 ≥ 2 at T1 (1455/9605) PHQ-2 ≥ 2 at T1 (1443/2879)
Adj. OR (95% CI) p Adj. OR (95% CI) p Adj. OR (95% CI) p
SES 1
Model 1
 SES1 (range 3–21) 0.96 (0.95–0.97) <  0.0001 0.96 (0.95–0.98) <  0.0001 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 0.176
 SES1 (low-med-high) 0.77 (0.72–0.83) <  0.0001 0.76 (0.69–0.84) <  0.0001 0.95 (0.84–1.07) 0.391
Model 2
 SES1 (range 3–21) 0.97 (0.96–0.98) <  0.0001 0.96 (0.95–0.98) <  0.0001 0.98 (0.97–1.00) 0.110
 SES1 (low-med-high) 0.81 (0.75–0.88) <  0.0001 0.76 (0.69–0.84) <  0.0001 0.93 (0.82–1.06) 0.265
  1. Model 1 adjusted for sex, age, living with partner and major medical diseases
  2. Model 2 adjusted for sex, age, living with partner, major medical diseases, PHQ-2 (T0), MH2 of depressive disorder, GAD-2 (T0) and MH2 of anxiety disorder
  3. 1SES Socioeconomic status
  4. 2MH Medical history
  5. 3Major medical diseases = any of the following diseases: CVD Cancer, diabetes, COPD Asthma
  6. *boldface indicates p < 0.5 for odds ratios