Skip to main content

Table 2 Sociodemographic, smoking characteristics and health status of participants (total, intervention, control)a, b

From: WhatsApp embedded in routine service delivery for smoking cessation: effects on abstinence rates in a randomized controlled study

  Total Intervention Control
n %a n %a n %a
Gender (n = 132)
 Female 52 39.4 16 36.4 36 40.9
 Male 80 60.6 28 63.6 52 59.1
Age (n = 132)
 18–24 13 9.8 4 9.1 9 10.2
 25–34 41 31.1 12 27.3 29 33.0
 35–44 32 24.2 12 27.3 20 22.7
 45–54 30 22.7 12 27.3 18 20.5
 55+ 16 12.1 4 9.1 12 13.6
Marital status (n = 132)
 Not-married 66 50.0 21 47.7 45 51.1
 Married 66 50.0 23 52.3 43 48.9
Education (n = 132)
 Secondary school and below 30 22.7 6 13.6 24 27.3
 High school and above 102 77.3 38 86.4 64 72.7
Social class (n = 117)
 Unemployed 11 9.4 1 2.6 10 12.8
 Blue collar 52 44.4 14 35.9 38 48.7
 White collar 50 42.7 22 56.4 28 35.9
 Self employed 4 3.4 2 5.1 2 2.6
Daily cigarette consumption (n = 132)
  ≤ 10 14 10.6 2 4.5 12 13.6
 11–20 64 48.5 22 50.0 42 47.7
 21–30 32 24.2 14 31.8 18 20.5
  > 30 22 16.7 6 13.6 16 18.2
Pack-years (n = 128)
  ≤ 10 39 30.5 14 32.6 25 29.4
 11–20 42 32.8 15 34.9 27 31.8
  > 20 47 36.7 14 32.6 33 38.8
Quit attempts (n = 132)
 Yes 23 17.4 6 13.6 17 19.3
 No 109 82.6 38 86.4 71 80.7
Nicotine dependence level (n = 132)
 Low 14 10.6 3 6.8 11 12.5
 Medium 89 67.4 30 68.2 59 67.0
 High 29 22.0 11 25 18 20.5
Depression score (n = 130)
 Normal 83 63.8 29 67.4 54 62.1
 High 47 36.2 14 32.6 33 37.9
CO value (n = 132)
 0–6 13 9.8 4 9.1 9 10.2
 7–10 12 9.1 3 6.8 9 10.2
  > 10 107 81.1 37 84.1 70 79.5
Concomitant disease (n = 132)
 No 31 23.5 9 20.5 22 25
 Yes 101 76.5 35 79.5 66 75
Consulting physicians (n = 132)
 A 27 20.5 9 20.5 18 20.5
 B 19 14.4 9 20.5 10 11.4
 C 26 19.7 8 18.2 18 20.5
 D 30 22.7 9 20.5 21 23.9
 E 30 22.7 9 20.5 21 23.9
Pharmacotherapy (n = 131)
 NRT 48 36.6 9 20.9 39 44.3
 Bupropion 22 16.8 9 20.9 13 14.8
 Varenicline 13 9.9 4 9.3 9 10.2
 Combinedb 48 36.6 21 36.6 27 30.7
  1. aColumn percent, b Bupropion + NRT