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Table 3 Distribution of Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) during care by ART status, Longitudinal Surveillance of Treatment in Kenya, 2016 (n = 387)

From: Noncommunicable disease burden among HIV patients in care: a national retrospective longitudinal analysis of HIV-treatment outcomes in Kenya, 2003-2013

Comorbidities Total On ART non-ART p-value
  No. Col % [95% CI] No. Col % [95% CI] No. Col % [95% CI]  
Totala 387   346   41   
Cardiovascular Disease
 No cardiovascular disease 40 11.1 [6.5,18.5] 24 6.1 [3.7,10.0] 16 46.1 [24.4,69.3] 0.025
 Cardiovascular disease 347 88.9 [81.5,93.5] 322 93.9 [90.0,96.3] 25 53.9 [30.7,75.6]  
Blood Pressure        0.030
 No elevated BPb 44 12.5 [7.6,19.9] 27 7.2 [4.6,11.1] 17 49.4 [25.5,73.5]  
 Elevated BP 343 87.5 [80.1,92.4] 319 92.8 [88.9,95.4] 24 50.6 [26.5,74.5]  
Diabetes Mellitus        0.437
 No diabetes 378 97.9 [95.3,99.1] 339 98.5 [96.7,99.4] 39 93.7 [68.6,99.0]  
 Diabetes 9 2.1 [0.9,4.7] 7 1.5 [0.6,3.3] 2 6.3 [1.0,31.4]  
Chronic Respiratory Disease        0.147
 No asthma 378 97.7 [95.1,98.9] 340 98.7 [96.6,99.5] 38 90.7 [75.5,96.8]  
 Asthma 9 2.3 [1.1,4.9] 6 1.3 [0.5,3.4] 3 9.3 [3.2,24.5]  
Cancer        0.278
 No cancer 384 98.9 [95.2,99.8] 343 98.8 [94.4,99.8] 41 100  
 Cancer 3 1.1 [0.2,4.8] 3 1.2 [0.2,5.6] 0 0  
  1. aIncludes other NCD categories not listed in the table: renal failure [4], and other, not specified [9]
  2. bElevated blood pressure: Two or more measures of systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg taken within 12 months