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Table 1 Distribution of characteristics of adults in care by sex, Longitudinal Surveillance of Treatment in Kenya, 2016 (N = 3170)

From: Noncommunicable disease burden among HIV patients in care: a national retrospective longitudinal analysis of HIV-treatment outcomes in Kenya, 2003-2013

Characteristics Total Women Men p-value
  No. Column (Col %) [95% CI] No. Col % [95% CI] No. Col % [95% CI]  
Total 3170 100 2115   1055   
Age (years)        < 0.001
 Under 35 years 1658 52.1 [49.5,54.6] 1250 58.6 [56.0,61.2] 408 39.1 [35.4,42.9]  
 35+ years 1512 47.9 [45.4,50.5] 865 41.4 [38.8,44.0] 647 60.9 [57.1,64.6]  
Employment        < 0.001
 Formal and informal employment 881 68.3 [62.5,73.5] 507 60.8 [55.3,66.2] 374 81.4 [73.3,87.5]  
 Unemployed 446 31.7 [26.5,37.5] 351 39.2 [33.8,44.7] 95 18.6 [12.5,26.7]  
Marital status        < 0.001
 Married/cohabiting 1693 51.1 [45.8,56.4] 979 44.2 [39.9,48.7] 714 64.7 [55.9,72.7]  
 Widowed 399 12 [9.5,15.0] 346 15.6 [12.2,19.7] 53 4.8 [3.4,6.8]  
 Divorced/separated 254 7.8 [6.3,9.6] 192 8.9 [7.2,11.0] 62 5.5 [4.0,7.6]  
 Single/Never married 416 13.5 [11.1,16.3] 313 15.6 [12.6,19.1] 103 9.3 [7.2,12.1]  
 Missing marital 408 15.6 [9.2,25.3] 285 15.7 [10.1,23.4] 123 15.6 [7.5,29.6]  
Entry point        0.435
 OPD/TB clinic 2077 64.4 [57.6,70.7] 1385 64.1 [57.1,70.6] 692 64.9 [57.7,71.5]  
 IPD 341 11.2 [8.0,15.5] 225 10.8 [7.5,15.2] 116 11.9 [8.4,16.7]  
 Others/not documented 752 24.5 [18.6,31.5] 505 25.1 [18.9,32.5] 247 23.2 [17.4,30.2]  
WHO stage        0.131
 Stage I/II 127 3.8 [2.3,6.2] 85 3.9 [2.4,6.2] 42 3.7 [2.1,6.5]  
 Stage III/IV 716 21.5 [18.0,25.4] 435 20.1 [16.8,24.0] 281 24.1 [19.4,29.6]  
 Missing WHO 2327 74.7 [70.4,78.6] 1595 76 [71.9,79.6] 732 72.2 [66.0,77.6]  
CD4 categories        0.036
  < 200 138 4.4 [3.3,6.0] 75 3.5 [2.6,4.7] 63 6.3 [4.2,9.4]  
 200–250 37 1.1 [0.8,1.6] 24 1.1 [0.7,1.6] 13 1.2 [0.6,2.2]  
 251–350 41 1.3 [0.9,1.8] 25 1.1 [0.7,1.8] 16 1.6 [0.8,3.0]  
 351–500 79 2.8 [2.1,3.7] 49 2.6 [1.8,3.7] 30 3.1 [1.9,5.1]  
  > 500 145 5 [3.9,6.3] 112 5.6 [4.3,7.2] 33 3.7 [2.5,5.7]  
 Missing 2730 85.4 [82.6,87.9] 1830 86.1 [83.2,88.6] 900 84.1 [80.1,87.5]  
ART status        0.874
 On ART 2170 63.9 [57.2,70.0] 1440 64 [58.5,69.2] 730 63.6 [53.9,72.3]  
 Non-ART 1000 36.1 [30.0,42.8] 675 36 [30.8,41.5] 325 36.4 [27.7,46.1]  
Regimen        0.050
 D4T containing regimen 758 36.5 [31.8,41.5] 506 36.9 [32.3,41.8] 252 35.7 [29.4,42.6]  
 AZT containing regimen 606 26.9 [23.1,31.0] 417 28.4 [24.3,32.8] 189 23.8 [19.3,29.0]  
 ABC containing regimen 7 0.5 [0.2,1.2] 4 0.5 [0.1,1.7] 3 0.5 [0.1,1.5]  
 LPV/r containing regimen 8 0.4 [0.1,0.9] 8 0.6 [0.2,1.4] 0 0  
 TDF containing regimen 778 35.8 [30.7,41.1] 496 33.6 [28.7,39.0] 282 40 [32.8,47.6]  
Enrolment guidelines period        0.070
 01Jan2003 to 31Dec2005 243 9 [6.7,12.0] 175 9.3 [6.8,12.6] 68 8.5 [5.8,12.3]  
 01Jan2006 to 30Jun2010 1681 54.3 [49.8,58.8] 1132 55.4 [50.6,60.2] 549 52.2 [47.1,57.2]  
 01Jul2010 to 30Sep2013 1246 36.6 [31.3,42.3] 808 35.3 [30.1,40.9] 438 39.3 [33.2,45.8]  
Comorbidities at any time        0.308
 With comorbidities 387 11.5 [9.3,14.1] 245 11.1 [8.7,14.0] 142 12.4 [9.9,15.4]  
 Without comorbidities 2783 88.5 [85.9,90.7] 1870 88.9 [86.0,91.3] 913 87.6 [84.6,90.1]