Skip to main content

Table 3 Results of meta-analysis and moderation analysis of the association between SB and anxiety symptoms

From: Sedentary behaviors and anxiety among children, adolescents and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Estimate of the average effect Range of correlation coefficients retrieved from original studies 95% CI for the estimate of the average effect N K Heterogeneity Test for moderating effects
  Q I 2 % Tau Tau 2 Q B P
Overall effect .093 .01; .46 [.05; .13] 26,204b 17 77.04
p < .001
79.23 .06 .003   
Moderators effects for overall effect and levels of respective moderators
Age group    2.97 .085
 Children/adolescents .05 .01; .17 [−.01; .11] 17,873 5     
 Adults (over 18) .12 .02; .46 [.06; .17] 7868 7     
Health status    0.05 .820
 Adults with a chronic physical or mental illness .16 .03; .39 [.03; .30] 463 5     
 Adults from the general population .15 .02; .46 [.05; .23] 6990 6     
The type of measurement of sedentary behaviors    1.08 .299
 Objective .14 .03; .39 [.04; .24] 505 6     
 Self-report .08 .01; .46 [.04; .12] 25,699 11     
The type of SB    2.21 .137
 Total sitting time .12 .02; .46 [.06; .19] 7298 5     
 Total screen time .06 .01; .17 [.00; 11] 18,401 6     
The sub-type of screen use-related behaviors    5.04a .080
 Computer using .12 .10; .14 [.05; .18] 2183 2     
 Computer/video games playing .02 .02; .03 [−.03; .08] 15,896 2     
 TV viewing .05 −.001; .10 [.01; .09] 16,475 4     
  1. Note. a - Two-group comparisons revealed that effect sizes marked with bold were significantly different
  2. b - data from 26,204 participants were included from the total of 27,443 who were enrolled across 17 studies. The difference between the number of participants in analyses vs. the original study samples occurred as in cases the coefficients provided by authors in response to our inquiry were based on a smaller N than N reported in the publication