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Table 2 Associations between SB and anxiety symptoms among children/adolescents and adults

From: Sedentary behaviors and anxiety among children, adolescents and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Sample/Category of SB Accelerometry measured sedentary behaviors) Total sitting time Total screen time TV viewing Computer use/internet use/video game playing Proportion of significant positive associations across studies (regardless of the category of SB) Proportion of significant positive associations: Adults vs. children/adolescents (regardless of the category of SB) Proportion of significant positive associations: general population vs. with chronic illness (regardless of the category of SB)
Adults
 General population + (Edwards & Loprinzi, 2016; Gibson et al. 2017; Dillon et al., 2018) [41, 72, 80]; 0 (de Wit et al., 2015; Vallance et al., 2015) [70, 109] + (Asztalos et al., 2015; Bampton et al., 2015; Rebar et al., 2014; Gibson et al., 2017; Vancampfort et al., 2018) [61, 64, 80, 99, 111]; 0 (Opdenacker, & Boen, 2008; Hiles et al., 2017) [83, 96] + (Teychenne & Hinkley, 2016; Wu et al., 2015) [105, 112]; 0 (Feng et al., 2014; Sanchez-Villegas et al., 2008) [76, 102] + (de Wit et al., 2011; Padmapriya et al., 2016) [68, 99]; 0 (Rebar et al., 2014; Teychenne & Hinkley, 2016) [99, 105] + (Rebar et al., 2014; Teychenne & Hinkley, 2016) [99105]; 0 (de Wit et al., 2011) [68] Adults; general population: 14 (61%) in 23 associations Total adults: 14 (48%) in 29 associations Total for general population (children/adolescents vs. adults) 21 (60%) in 35 associations
 With a chronic mental or physical illness 0 (van Roekel et al., 2016; Janney et al., 2013; Mesquita et al., 2017; Gaskin et al., 2016) [78, 85, 95, 110]; - (Park et al., 2017) [98] - (Kroeders et al., 2013) [89]      
Children and adolescents (aged < 18)
 General population + (Uijtdewilligen et al., 2011) [107]   + (Cao et al., 2011; Maras et al., 2015) [66, 94]; 0 (Asfour et al., 2016; Gunnell et al., 2016) [59, 81] + (Liu et al., 2016) [91]; 0 (Maras et al., 2015) [94] + (Straker et al., 2013; Maras et al., 2015; Liu et al., 2016) [91, 94, 103]; 0 (Kovess-Mastefy et al., 2015; Maras et al., 2015) [87, 94] Children/Adolescents; general population: 7 (58%) in 12 associations Total children/adolescents: 7 (58%) in 12 associations  
 With a chronic mental or physical illness        
Proportion of significant positive associations across studies (regardless age/ health status) 4 (36%) of 11 associations 6 (67%) of 9 associations 4 (50%) in 8 associations 3 (50%) of 6 associations 5 (63%) in 8 associations 21 (51%) in 41 associations   
  1. +a significant positive association between sedentary behavior and anxiety symptoms
  2. 0not significant association between sedentary behavior and anxiety symptoms
  3. -a significant negative association between sedentary behavior and anxiety