Skip to main content

Table 3 Metabolic syndrome prevalence and prevalence ratio based on demographic and ethnic group in Indonesia

From: Prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome and its components among provinces and ethnic groups in Indonesia

Characteristic Subjects Number MetS Prevalence, % (95% CI) MetS Prevalence Ratio, % (95% CI)
Gender Male 3886 (45.33) 11.81 (10.80–12.83) 0.396 (0.360–0.436)a
Female 4687 (54.67) 29.83 (28.52–31.14) 2.525 (2.293–2.781)a
Age group Pre-elderly 6987 (81.50) 21.05 (20.38–22.30) 0.925 (0.836–1.022)
Elderly 1586 (18.50) 23.29 (21.00–25.15) 1.081 (0.978–1.196)
Geographic factor Urban 4526 (52.79) 25.19 (23.92–26.45) 1.422 (1.308–1.545)a
Rural 4047 (47.21) 17.72 (16.54–18.89) 0.703 (0.647–0.764)a
Ethnic Group Javanese 3979 (46.41) 19.85 (18.61–21.09) 0.855 (0.788–0.928)a
Sundanese 1022 (11.92) 21.53 (19.00–24.05) 0.993 (0.877–1.245)
Balinese 461 (5.38) 14.75 (11.50–18.00) 0.669 (0.535–0.836)a
Batak 257 (3) 23.35 (18.14–28.55) 1.080 (0.862–1.353)
Buginese 303 (3.53) 20.13 (15.59–24.67) 0.927 (0.738–1.164)
Chinese 87 (1.01) 24.14 (14.96–33.31) 1.116 (0.767–1.623)
Madurese 285 (3.32) 20.00 (15.33–24.67) 0.921 (0.727–1.166)
Sasak 329 (3.84) 32.52 (27.43–37.61) 1.532 (1.304–1.800)a
Minangkabau 349 (4.07) 31.23 (26.35–36.12) 1.469 (1.251–1.726)a
Banjarese 215 (2.51) 22.79 (17.14–28.44) 1.054 (0.821–1.352)
Bima-Dompu 99 (1.15) 21.21 (13.02–29.41) 0.979 (0.668–1.434)
Makassar 99 (1.15) 28.28 (19.26–37.31) 1.310 (0.955–1.798)
Nias 34 (0.4) 14.71 (2.16–27.25) 0.678 (0.301–1.525)
Palembang 32 (0.37) 25.00 (9.13–40.86) 1.155 (0.633–2.107)
Sumbawa 41 (0.48) 31.71 (16.84–46.58) 1.467 (0.934–2.303)
Toraja 45 (0.52) 26.67 (13.23–40.10) 1.233 (0.758–2.004)
Betawi 271 (3.16) 33.95 (28.27–39.62) 1.597 (1.346–1.895)a
Dayak 6 (0.07) 0 0
Malay 60 (0.7) 20.00 (9.58–30.42) 0.923 (0.555–1.533)
Komering 6 (0.07) 16.67 (−26.18–59.51) 0.769 (0.128–4.606)
Ambon 9 (0.1) 11.11 (−14.51–36.73) 0.513 (0.081–3.255)
Manado 3 (0.03) 33.33 (− 110.09–176.76) 1.539 (0.310–7.630)
Acehnese 11 (0.13) 45.45 (10.37–80.54) 2.101 (1.099–4.020)a
Sumbagsel 274 (3.2) 19.34 (14.64–24.05) 0.890 (0.696–1.137)
Bantenese 26 (0.3) 30.77 (11.76–49.78) 1.422 (0.798–2.535)
Cirebonese 161 (1.88) 16.15 (10.40–21.89) 0.742 (0.521–1.057)
Others 109 (1.27) 26.61 (18.18–35.03) 1.232 (0.900–1.687)
  1. Reference group: total population – targeted group
  2. aStatistically significant prevalence ratio.
\