Skip to main content

Table 4 Results of competing-risks hazard regression model for vertical transmission of HIV among children by 24 months

From: Incidence, prevalence and associated factors of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, among children exposed to maternal HIV, in Belgaum district, Karnataka, India

Characteristics Adjusted hazard ratio p-value 95% CI
Age of mother at pregnancy
  < 20 (Reference) 1.00    
 20–24 2.55 0.139 0.74 8.84
 25–29 2.30 0.195 0.65 8.12
 30+ 6.98 0.006 1.73 28.16
Education of mother
 Illiterate (Reference) 1.00    
 Primary school 1.02 0.970 0.38 2.70
 Above primary school 0.94 0.877 0.40 2.19
Working status of mother
 Not working (Reference) 1.00    
 Working 0.87 0.775 0.34 2.23
Know HIV positive status prior to pregnancy
 No (Reference) 1.00    
 Yes 0.78 0.594 0.32 1.92
Status of ART initiation by mother
 Not on ART (Reference) 1.00    
 Started ART more than 90 days prior to delivery 2.31 0.053 0.99 5.38
 Started ART within 90 days prior to delivery 0.65 0.486 0.20 2.16
 Started ART after delivery 0.44 0.342 0.08 2.38
Sex of the child
 Girl (Reference) 1.00    
 Boy 1.20 0.607 0.60 2.38
Status of Nevirapine administration
 None given Nevirapine (Reference) 1.00    
 Both, mother and child given Nevirapine 0.25 0.002 0.10 0.61
 Any one given Nevirapine 0.12 0.003 0.03 0.49
Duration of breastfeeding
 Not breastfed (Reference) 1.00    
 1–26 weeks 4.34 0.005 1.55 12.16
 Above 26 weeks 5.28 0.003 1.75 15.90
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal (Reference) 1.00    
 Caesarean 0.20 0.125 0.03 1.56