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Table 1 Percent distribution of live births according to selected characteristics

From: Incidence, prevalence and associated factors of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, among children exposed to maternal HIV, in Belgaum district, Karnataka, India

Characteristics Number of live births Percent
Age of mother at pregnancy
  < 20 23 4.7
 20–24 204 41.9
 25–29 191 39.2
 30+ 69 14.2
Education of mother
 Illiterate 169 34.7
 Primary school 98 20.1
 Above primary school 220 45.2
Working status of mother
 Not working 416 85.4
 Working 71 14.6
Know HIV positive status prior to pregnancy
 No 384 79.2
 Yes 101 20.8
Status of ART initiation by mother
 Not on ART 238 48.9
 Started ART more than 90 days prior to delivery 121 24.9
 Started ART within 90 days prior to delivery 83 17.0
 Started ART after delivery 45 9.2
Sex of the child
 Boy 249 51.1
 Girl 238 48.9
Status of Nevirapine administration
 Any one given Nevirapine 58 11.9
 Both, mother and baby given Nevirapine 404 83.0
 None given Nevirapine 25 5.1
Duration of breastfeeding
 Not breastfed 164 33.7
 1–26 weeks 240 49.4
 Above 26 weeks 82 16.9
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal 433 88.9
 Caesarean 54 11.1
Total 487 100.0
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