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Table 4 Interaction effects between graduation cohort and school performance at the time of leaving compulsory school on risk of disability benefits due to specific mental disorders during follow-up 2003–2011

From: Has the association between low school performance and the risk of disability benefit due to mental disorders become stronger over time?

  ICD-10 code  Allb Menb Womenb
HRc 95%CI HRc 95%CI HRc 95%CI
Graduation cohort * low school performance (higher school performancea as a reference)
 Schizophrenia, schizotypal, delusional, and other non-mood psychotic disorders (n = 197) F20-F29 1.09 0.95–1.25 0.92 0.77–1.11 1.39 1.10–1.74
 Mood disorders (n = 254) F30–39 1.16 1.04–1.30 1.10 0.92–1.31 1.21 1.04–1.41
 Anxiety, dissociative, stress-related, somatoform and other nonpsychotic mental disorders (n = 304) F40–F48 1.10 0.99–1.23 1.15 0.97–1.36 1.06 0.93–1.22
 Pervasive and specific developmental disorders (n = 837) F80-F89 1.07 1.01–1.14 1.09 1.01–1.18 1.07 0.96–1.19
 Behavioural and emotional disorders with onset usually occurring in childhood and adolescence (n = 402) F90–F98 0.99 1.01–1.14 0.99 0.86–1.14 0.98 0.84–1.14
  1. amerit rating above the lowest quintile
  2. bpoor school performance defined as the lowest quintile of merit rating (calculated on the basis of at least 8 school subjects) or ≥ 9 incomplete courses at the time of leaving compulsory school
  3. chazard ratio
  4. *Interaction between two variables