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Table 3 Thirty-year trends in underweight, stunting, wasted, possible risk of overweight, overweight and obesity prevalence in children by age, 1985–2015

From: Child nutrition to new stage in China: evidence from a series of national surveys, 1985–2015

  1985 1995 2005 2015 χ2 P for trend
< 2 yrs
 Underweight 3.23 1.09 0.72 0.57 2952.11 < 0.0001
 Stunting 8.73 3.59 1.69 1.03 8910.29 < 0.0001
 Wasted 1.88 1.28 1.08 0.85 416.09 < 0.0001
 Possible risk of overweight a 19.13 23.25 26.13 25.82 1525.68 < 0.0001
 Overweight b 3.58 4.42 5.53 5.60
 Obesity 0.48 0.48 0.71 0.74
2- < 7 yrs
 Underweight 7.94 3.15 1.27 0.64 6689.55 < 0.0001
 Stunting 17.12 6.95 2.04 0.70 17,068.44 < 0.0001
 Wasted 1.99 1.54 1.32 1.32 123.98 < 0.0001
 Possible risk of overweight a 7.38 8.40 13.64 16.91 3875.34 < 0.0001
 Overweight b 0.87 0.81 2.32 4.34
 Obesity 0.17 0.09 0.24 0.86
< 5 yrs
 Underweight 4.44 1.61 0.84 0.59 6695.22 < 0.0001
 Stunting 12.21 4.99 1.92 0.97 21,373.95 < 0.0001
 Wasted 1.68 1.20 1.01 0.87 433.97 < 0.0001
 Possible risk of overweight a 15.92 19.01 22.41 22.73 2563.41 < 0.0001
 Overweight b 2.76 3.30 4.48 4.96
vObesity 0.40 0.36 0.57 0.72
5- < 7 yrs
 Underweight 10.02 3.99 1.59 0.67 2920.65 < 0.0001
 Stunting 12.69 4.89 1.29 0.42 4367.71 < 0.0001
 Wasted 3.41 2.62 2.30 2.17 77.99 < 0.0001
 Possible risk of overweight a 3.49 5.42 11.87 17.94 3259.36 < 0.0001
 Overweight b 0.49 0.69 2.42 5.73
 Obesity 0.07 0.09 0.18 1.21
< 7 yrs
 Underweight 5.23 1.94 0.95 0.60 9567.42 < 0.0001
 Stunting 12.28 4.97 1.83 0.89 25,683.72 < 0.0001
 Wasted 1.93 1.38 1.19 1.05 502.54 < 0.0001
 Possible risk of overweight a 14.17 17.14 20.95 22.06 3992.93 < 0.0001
 Overweight b 2.44 2.94 4.20 5.07
 Obesity 0.35 0.32 0.52 0.79
  1. aIncluding overweight and obesity; b Including obesity
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