Variables | Description and Categorization | Analysis Coding |
---|---|---|
Outcome variable | ||
Stunting (Height-for-age index) | Height/Age standard deviation (new WHO) (Continuous) | 0 = Normal height-for-age/Not-stunted (HAZ -2SD and Above) 1 = Stunted (HAZ < -2SD) |
Underweight (Weight-for age index) | Weight/Age standard deviation (new WHO) (Continuous) | 0 = Normal weight-for-age/Not-underweight (WAZ-2SD and Above) 1 = Underweight (WAZ < -2SD) |
Wasting (Weight-for-height index) | Weight/Height standard deviation (new WHO) (Continuous) | 0 = Normal weight-for-height/Not-wasted (WHZ-2SD to +2SD) 1 = Wasted (WHZ < -2SD) |
Independent variables | ||
Residence | Type of place of residence (1 = Urban,2 = Rural) | Used same coding for analysis |
Mother’s educational level | Highest educational level (0 = no education,1 = primary,2 = secondary,3 = higher) | Used same coding for analysis |
Wealth index | Wealth index (1 = poorest, 2 = poorer, 3 = middle, 4 = richer, 5 = richest) | Used same coding for analysis |
Mother’s employment status | Respondent currently working (0 = Non-working, 1 = Working) | Used same coding for analysis |
Mother’s access to information |
1. Frequency of reading newspaper or magazine 2. Frequency of listening to radio 3. Frequency of watching television (0 = Not at all, 1 = Occasionally, 2 = Atleast once a week, 3 = Daily) |
Options for all the three variables were recoded as follows 0 as 0 = No (No Access) 1,2&3 as 1 = Yes (Access to at least one of the information source) |
Consanguineous marriage | Blood relation with husband (0 = No, 1 = Yes) | Used same coding for analysis |
Mother’s age at marriage | Age at first cohabitation (Continuous,Range:10–49) |
Constructed as 1 = < 18 2= > 18 |
Parity | Total children ever born (Continuous,Range:1–19) |
Constructed as 1 = 1–4 2= > 4 (5+) |
Mother’s height (cm) | Respondent’s height in centimeters (1 decimal)(Continuous) |
Constructed as follows 1 = Normal (>145 cm) 2 = Short Stature (< 145 cm) |
Mother’s BMI (kg/m^{2}) | Body Mass Index (Continuous, calculated using measured height and weight) |
1 = Underweight (<18.5 kg/m^{2}) 2 = Normal (18.5–24.9 kg/m^{2}) 3 = Overweight (25.0–29.9 kg/m^{2}) 4 = Obese (≥ 30 kg/m^{2}) |
Age of Child (years) | Current age of the child (Continuous) |
Constructed as 0 = < 12 months 1 = 12–23 months 2 = 24–35 months 3 = 36–47 months 4 = 48–59 months |
Sex of child | Sex of child (1 = Male, 2 = Female) | Used same coding for analysis |
Child size at birth |
Size of child at birth (1 = very large,2 = larger than average,3 = average,4 = smaller than average,5 = very small,6 = Don’t know) |
Options were recoded as follows 4 & 5 as 1 = smaller than average 3 & 6 as 2 = average 1 &2 as 3 = larger than average |
Antenatal clinic visits | Number of antenatal visits during pregnancy (0 = No antenatal visit, 98 = Don’t know) |
Constructed as follows 0 & 98 as 0 = No Visit 1–3 as 1 = Less frequent visits Visit frequency > 3 as 2 = Frequent visits (3+) |
Recent diarrheal incidence (last two weeks) | Had diarrhea recently (0 = No,1 = Yes, last 24 h,2 = Yes, last 2 weeks, 8 = Don’t Know) |
Recoded as 0as 0 = No 1&2as1 = Yes 8 = Excluded |
Breastfeeding status | Duration of breastfeeding (93 = Ever breastfeeding, 94 = Never breastfeed, 95 = Still breastfeeding, 96 = Breastfed until died,97 = Inconsistent, 98 = Don’t know) | Used same coding for analysis (No data were found for 96,97,98) |