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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of respondents with different years of running experience

From: Attractive running environments for all? A cross-sectional study on physical environmental characteristics and runners’ motives and attitudes, in relation to the experience of the running environment

  Total (N = 2477) Novice runners (<  1 y) (N = 324; 13.1%) Moderate experienced runners (1–5 y) (N = 1112; 44.9%) Experienced runners (>  5 y) (N = 1041; 42,0%) P-values
Age, mean (SD)
 ≤ 35 year 32.3 58.0 39.3 16.8 < 0.001
 36–45 year 32.5 28.4 37.6 28.3
 ≥ 46 year 35.2 13.6 23.1 54.9
Female (%) 32.5 28.7 39.0 26.8 < 0.001
Education (%)
 Lower or middle 29.6 28.4 30.0 29.4 0.841
 Higher 70.4 71.6 70.0 70.6
Monitoring of distance (%) < 0.001
 Yes 57.3 70.4 62.7 47.6
 No 42.7 29.6 36.3 52.4
Monitoring via sports watch (%) < 0.001
 Yes 53.0 28.7 51.7 62.0
 No 47.0 71.3 48.3 38.0
Monitoring via app (%) < 0.001
 Yes 34.7 59.9 39.8 21.3
 No 65.3 40.1 60.2 78.7
Organizational running setting (%) < 0.001
 Individual 56.6 71.9 58.1 50.2
 Friends, colleagues, small group 32.1 23.1 22.3 24.1
 Athletics club 20.3 5.0 19.6 25.7
Motives and attitudes, mean (SD)
 Bodily and mental advantages of running 4.4 (0.5) 4.3 (0.5) 4.4 (0.5) 4.4 (0.5) < 0.001
 Identification with running 3.8 (0.5) 3.5 (0.5) 3.8 (0.5) 3.8 (0.5) < 0.001
 Practical advantages of running 4.1 (0.5) 4.1 (0.5) 4.1 (0.5) 4.1 (0.5) 0.708
 Individual motives for quitting 2.9 (0.7) 3.2 (0.7) 2.9 (0.7) 2.7 (0.7) < 0.001
 Social motives for quitting 1.6 (0.7) 1.6 (0.8) 1.7 (0.7) 1.6 (0.7) 0.064
Experiences of the running environment, mean (SD)
 Hinderance by pedestrians 1.7 (0.7) 1.7 (0.7) 1.7 (0.7) 1.7 (0.7) 0.169
 Hinderance by cyclists/mopeds 2.0 (1.0) 2.0 (1.0) 2.2 (1.0) 2.0 (1.0) 0.403
 Hinderance by cars 2.1 (1.0) 2.0 (1.0) 2.1 (1.0) 2.0 (1.0) 0.044
 Hinderance by unleashed dogs 2.2 (1.1) 1.9 (1.0) 2.2 (1.0) 2.3 (1.1) < 0.001
 Hinderance through remarks 1.5 (0.7) 1.5 (0.8) 1.6 (0.7) 1.5 (0.7) 0.41
 Hinderance through threats 1.5 (0.7) 1.5 (0.7) 1.5 (0.7) 1.5 (0.6) 0.171
 Hinderance through poor lighting 2.6 (1.2) 2.7 (1.2) 2.7 (1.2) 2.5 (1.2) < 0.001
 Comfortable surface 3.6 (0.9) 3.7 (0.9) 3.6 (1.0) 3.6 (0.9) 0.099
 Lively route 4.0 (0.8) 4.0 (0.8) 3.9 (0.8) 4.0 (0.8) 0.175
 Green route 3.6 (0.9) 3.6 (0.9) 3.5 (0.9) 3.6 (0.9) 0.238
Score on attractiveness and restorative capacity (outcome variables), mean (SD)
 Attractiveness 4.0 (0.9) 4.0 (0.9) 3.9 (0.9) 4.1 (0.9) < 0.001
 Restorative capacity 3.9 (0.8) 3.9 (0.8) 3.9 (0.9) 4.0 (0.8) < 0.001