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Table 1 FSW’s socio-demographic and sex work characteristics, and characteristics related to their IPs and intimate relationship

From: What determines violence among female sex workers in an intimate partner relationship? Findings from North Karnataka, south India

Characteristics % or Median (IQR) n = 620
Individual characteristics of sex workers
 Age
  Aged 25 years or below 11.9 74
  Aged above 25 years 88.1 546
 Median age of female sex workers (in years) 35.0 (28–40) 620
 Illiteratea 89.8 557
 Never married 95.2 590
 Devadasi 96.1 596
 Number of children
  No children 13.7 85
  Less than three children 56.1 348
  Three or more children 30.2 187
 Median number of children FSWs have (Nos.) 2.0 (1–3) 620
 Children with different partners
  Only current intimate partners 67.7 420
  Current intimate partners and others 7.3 45
  Only others 11.3 70
 Sources of income other than sex work 82.3 510
 Average monthly income
  Below Rs.3500 22.1 137
  Between Rs.3500 to Rs.6999 60.5 375
  Above Rs.6999 17.4 108
 Median monthly income (in rupees) 4500 (3500–6000) 620
Sex work characteristics
 Place of solicitation
  Home 76.0 471
  Public places 14.4 89
  Phone/others 9.7 60
 Age at first sex work
  Less than 15 years 38.7 240
  15 years or older 61.3 380
 Median age of first sex work (in years) 15 (14–16) 620
 Duration of time in sex work
  Below 10 years 9.8 61
  Between 10 to 19 years 41.0 254
  Above 19 years 49.2 305
 Median duration in sex work (in years) 19 (13–25) 620
 Client volume per week
  below 3 clients 65.1 397
  3 or more clients 34.9 213
 Median no. of clients per week 2 (1–3) 620
 Types of clients
  Only occasional clients b 5.3 33
  Only regular clients c 41.1 255
  Both occasional & regular clients 53.5 332
 Member of community-based organisation (CBO) 61.2 379
 Used condoms consistentlyf with their clients (occasional and regular) in past 30 days preceding survey 91.8 560
 Experienced physical violence from client in the last 6 months 15.2 94
 Experienced sexual violence from client in the last 6 months 8.8 54
 Experienced physical or sexual violence from clients in the last 6 months 16.3 101
Intimate partner (IP) characteristicse
 Median age of intimate partner (in years) 40.0 (35–45) 620
 Illiteratea 66.9 415
 Currently married 88.7 548
 Occupation
  Cultivator 31.7 196
  Agricultural labourer 32.8 203
  Non-agricultural labourer 14.2 88
  Other work 21.2 131
 Belongs to Scheduled caste/Scheduled tribe 38.9 235
 Has children with other women 71.6 444
 Alcohol consumption
  Never 68.9 427
  Occasionally 24.4 151
  Frequently 6.8 42
Intimate relationship characteristics d
 Belonging to different duration of intimate relationship
  below 5 years 14.0 87
  between 5 to 9 years 23.7 147
  10 or more years 62.3 386
 Median duration of intimate relationship (in years) 10.0 (7–18) 620
 Intimate partner was a client before he became intimate partner 63.8 394
 Frequency of visit
  Most frequent (daily/weekly) 65.2 401
  Monthly 27.0 166
  Less often 7.8 48
 Aware of FSW’s sex work profession 16.0 99
 Had sexual intercourse with their intimate partner in the 7 days preceding the survey 58.4 362
 Median number of times of sexual intercourse with the IP in the month preceding the survey 3 (2–6) 620
 Intimate partner was under the influence of alcohol during sex in the month preceding the survey 24.0 149
 FSWs provide financial support to their intimate partners 30.2 187
 FSWs receive social support from their intimate partners 80.3 498
 FSWs feel afraid of their intimate partners 50.5 313
 FSWs refused to have sex with their intimate partners without using condoms in past 6 months 10.8 67
 FSWs receive love and affection frequently from their intimate partners 75.3 467
 FSWs believe that their intimate partner is unlikely to leave them 64.7 401
 Used condoms consistentlyf with their intimate partners 43.5 269
  1. a Who cannot read and write
  2. b clients who came only once or a few times, but FSW do not remember their faces or do not know them
  3. c clients FSW recognize well, who come to her repeatedly and she knows them
  4. d About seven FSWs reported having more than one intimate partner and another 12 FSWs reported that they had left their intimate partners in the last 6 months preceding the survey
  5. e As reported by female sex workers
  6. f Used condoms every time during sexual intercourse