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Table 2 Characteristics of those who have perceived discrimination, who have mental health problems and who have good general health status

From: Perceived discrimination, health and mental health among immigrants in Norway: the role of moderating factors

  Perceived discrimination % (N) Mental health problems % (N) General health % (N)
Total 26.5 (1137/4294) 12.7 (545 /4277) 71.4 (3060/4287)
Gender ns *** ***
 Men 27.0 (633) 10.8 (252) 74.1 (1733)
 Women 25.8 (504) 15.1 (293) 68.1 (1327)
Age group *** *** ***
 16–24 36.3 (208) 11.2 (64) 87.6 (501)
 25–44 28.2 (653) 11.1 (256) 78.4 (1812)
 45–66 19.6 (276) 16.0 (225) 53.2 (747)
Country of origin *** *** ***
 Poland 29.7 (109) 9.9 (36) 81.4 (298)
 Turkey 29.4 (101) 19.6 (67) 60.6 (208)
 Bosnia-Herzegovina 21.3 (74) 13.0 (45) 74.1 (257)
 Kosovo 24.5 (90) 13.1 (48) 73.1 (269)
 Eritrea 18.6 (71) 6.5 (25) 81.4 (311)
 Somalia 26.7 (96) 6.1 (22) 83.6 (300)
 Afghanistan 28.7 (102) 13.7 (48) 76.6 (271)
 Sri Lanka 12.8 (48) 7.2 (27) 61.8 (231)
 Iraq 38.7 (132) 19.9 (68) 64.2 (219)
 Iran 37.7 (145) 21.3 (82) 68.2 (262)
 Pakistan 29.2 (100) 15.9 (54) 65.4 (223)
 Vietnam 21.0 (69) 7.1 (23) 64.3 (211)
Social support ns *** ***
 Yes 26.3 (936) 11.2 (395) 73.8 (2620)
 No 27.1 (196) 20 (145) 59.8 (432)
Sense of belonging *** *** **
 To both 22.6 (529) 10.9 (253) 70.5 (1643)
 To Norway 27.8 (351) 13.6 (171) 74.7 (943)
 To country of origin 35.6 (176) 16.1 (79) 69.4 (343)
 Neither 40.7 (81) 21.2 (42) 65.8 (131)
Perceived discrimination   *** ns
 Yes 20 (226) 69.7 (793)
 No 10.1 (319) 72.0 (2267)
  Yes No Yes No Yes No
Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd) Mean (sd)
Financial situation (1–6) 3.45 (1.32) 3.61 (1.33)*** 2.87 (1.41) 3.67 (1.28)*** 3.74 (1.28) 3.13 (1.36)***
Trust in others (0–10) 5.62 (2.47) 6.22 (2.32)*** 5.10 (2.69) 6.21 (2.30)*** 6.21 (2.32) 5.71 (2.49)***
Norwegian proficiency (1–5) 3.90 (0.94) 3.75 (1.00)*** 3.65 (0.99) 3.81 (0.99)** 3.90 (0.98) 3.53 (0.97)***
Religiosity (0–10) 6.45 (3.75) 6.73 (3.59)* 6.62 (3.71) 6.65 (3.62) ns 6.53 (3.68) 6.94 (3.50)**
  1. Ns: p > 0.05, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001