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Table 1 Bivariate associations of participant sociodemographics and adherence subgroups among MSM and TGW in the Princess PrEP program (N = 653)

From: Correlates of nonadherence to key population-led HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis services among Thai men who have sex with men and transgender women

Variables Total N (%) Low Adherence: ≤ 3 Pills per week or no show at Month 1 N (%) Good Adherence: 4–7 Pills per Week N (%) p-value
Total 653 (100) 244 (37.4) 409 (62.6)  
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 28.9 (7.3) 27.8 (7.3) 29.5 (7.1) 0.003a
 Age ≤ 25 245 (37.5) 110 (44.9) 135 (55.1) 0.002c
 Age > 25 408 (62.5) 134 (32.8) 274 (67.2)
Gender < 0.001c
 Male 564 (86.4) 186 (33.0%) 378 (67.0)
 TGW 89 (13.6) 58 (65.2) 31 (34.8)
Sites < 0.001c
 Bangkok 480 (73.5) 151 (31.5) 329 (68.5)
 Chonburi 112 (17.2) 74 (66.1) 38 (33.9)
 Chiang Mai 36 (5.5) 6 (16.7) 30 (83.3)
 Songkhla 25 (3.8) 13 (52.0) 12 (48.0)
Nationality 0.009c
 Thai 609 (93.3) 221 (36.3) 388 (63.7)
 Non-Thai 32 (4.9) 19 (59.4) 13 (40.1)
Marital status 0.66d
 Single 564 (86.4) 214 (38.0) 350 (62.1)
 Living together/Married 64 (9.8) 24 (37.5) 40 (62.5)
 Divorced/Widow 6 (0.9) 1 (16.7) 5 (83.3)
Education < 0.001c
 Less than Bachelor degree 242 (37.1) 127 (52.5) 115 (47.5)
 Bachelor degree and above 374 (57.3) 107 (28.6) 267 (71.4)
Occupation < 0.001c
 Unemployed/Student 119 (18.2) 42 (35.3) 77 (64.7)
 Employed 435 (66.6) 144 (33.1) 291 (66.9)
 Service Worker (beautician, restaurant, etc.) 87 (13.3) 54 (62.1) 33 (37.9)
Monthly Income (THB) 0.014c
 Less than or equal 10,000 THB 100 (15.3) 45 (45.0) 55 (55.0)
 10,001–20,000 THB 243 (37.2) 101 (41.6) 142 (58.4)
 20,001–50,000 THB 171 (26.2) 48 (28.1) 123 (71.9)
 Greater than 50,000 THB 39 (6) 15 (38.5) 24 (61.5)
Have ever had HIV testing/services at clinic before enrollment in this study 0.17c
 New Client 539 (82.5) 208 (38.6) 331 (61.4)
 Yes 102 (15.6) 32 (31.4) 70 (68.6)
  1. aStudent’s t-tests/Unpaired t-test
  2. bMann-Whitney/Wilcoxon rank-sum test
  3. cChi square test
  4. dFisher’s Exact test
  5. MSM men who have sex with men, TGW transgender women, THB Thai Baht