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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics

From: Adherence to screening appointments in a cervical cancer clinic serving HIV-positive women in Botswana

  Full Sample Embedded Sample
Frequency Did not comply Complied Χ2 Frequency Did not comply Complied Χ2
N 1789 1071 718   257 83 174  
Participated in consent study 257 83 174 (68%) 94.94*** NA NA NA  
Did not participate 1532 988 644 (42%)      
Demographic Variables
 Age 34.9 (7.01)    0.02*† 35.2 (6.42)    0.03†
Education     1.05     0.89
 No formal education 52 31 21   62 17 45  
 Primary 428 250 178   
 Secondary 1220 733 487   195 66 129  
 Higher 89 57 32   
Employment type     11.26* NA NA NA NA
 Unemployed 572 368 204      
 Formal sector 950 535 415      
 Informal sector 177 114 63      
 Self-employed 90 54 36      
Income     3.75     8.43*
 Less than p1000 806 463 343   108 29 79  
 p1000-p2499 688 425 263   103 38 65  
 p2500-p4999 204 125 79   28 6 22  
 p5000-p10000 91 58 33   18 10 8  
Aware of household finances 1228 704 524 10.49** 192 57 135 2.36
Relationship status     3.70     1.42†
 Single 1201 712 489   186 58 128  
 Cohabitates 266 163 103   23 7 16  
 Married 235 150 85   37 15 22  
 Separated/div/widow 87 46 41   11 3 8  
Number of children 2.1 (1.39)    0.03† 2.0 (1.29)    0.11†
Treated 176 67 109 38.60*** 40 4 36 10.77†**
Additional variables for embedded sample
 Formally employed      180 56 124 0.39
 Engages in informal work      67 14 53 5.39*
 Involved in decisions about family planning      156 50 106 0.01
 Involved in decisions about buying medicine      241 76 165 1.02
 Involved in decisions about other household items      240 77 163 0.07
 Symptoms of major depressive disorder      16 6 10 0.21
 Correctly identified causes of cervical cancer      102 37 65 1.22
 Understands role of HIV in cancer risk      245 79 166 0.01†
 Identified HPV as a cause of cervical cancer      130 43 87 0.07
 Understands role of HIV in risk of HPV      148 49 99 0.11
 Composite risk variable      75 27 48 0.66
 Consulted with someone to participate      169 59 110 1.54
 Needed permission to participate      7 4 3 2.03†
 Type      126 21 105 27.61***
  1. † coefficient from a logistic regression or Fisher’s Exact Test; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001