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Table 2 Prevalence of vaping-related adverse events and perceived improvement in physiological functions

From: Perceived health effects of vaping among Hungarian adult e-cigarette-only and dual users: a cross-sectional internet survey

Variable Total, n (%)
1042 (100)
E-cigarette-only user, n (%)
859 (82.4)
Dual user,
n (%) 183 (17.6)
p-value
Adverse events
 Sore/dry mouth and throat 39 (3.7) 30 (3.5) 9 (4.9) 0.356
 Cough 42 (4.0) 18 (2.1) 24 (13.1) < 0.001
 Mouth or tongue sores/inflammation 30 (2.9) 19 (2.2) 11 (6.0) 0.005
 Gingivitis, gum bleeding 34 (3.3) 27 (3.1) 7 (3.8) 0.637
 Headache 18 (1.7) 13 (1.5) 5 (2.7) 0.251
 Dizziness 10 (1.0) 5 (0.6) 5 (2.7) 0.007
 Heart palpitation 14 (1.3) 8 (0.9) 6 (3.3) 0.012
 Breathing difficulties 10 (1.0) 6 (0.7) 4 (2.2) 0.061
 Chest pain 7 (0.7) 4 (0.5) 3 (1.6) 0.078
 Sleepiness 3 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.5) 0.472
 Sleeplessness 3 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.5) 0.472
 Allergy 2 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 0.514
 Black tongue 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 0.644
 Nose bleeding 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 0.644
 Any adverse event 149 (14.3) 101 (11.8) 48 (26.2) < 0.001
Physiological function
 Breathing 930 (90.1) 790 (92.7) 140 (77.8) < 0.001
 Smell 890 (86.1) 767 (90.0) 123 (67.6) < 0.001
 Taste 864 (83.6) 744 (87.2) 120 (66.7) < 0.001
 Physical status in general 833 (80.9) 715 (84.1) 118 (65.6) < 0.001
 Stamina 800 (77.7) 697 (82.0) 103 (57.5) < 0.001
 Mood 524 (51.1) 461 (54.5) 63 (35.2) < 0.001
 Quality of sleep 469 (45.8) 406 (48.1) 63 (34.8) 0.001
 Appetite 412 (40.4) 355 (42.2) 57 (31.7) 0.009
 Sexual performance 351 (34.4) 306 (36.3) 45 (25.3) 0.005
 Memory 282 (27.7) 246 (29.2) 36 (20.3) 0.016