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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the sample by vaping status

From: Perceived health effects of vaping among Hungarian adult e-cigarette-only and dual users: a cross-sectional internet survey

Variable Total, n (%)
1042 (100)
E-cigarette-only user, n (%)
859 (82.4)
Dual user,
n (%)
183 (17.6)
p-value
Gender
 Male 859 (82.9) 726 (85.0) 133 (73.1) < 0.001
 Female 177 (17.1) 128 (15.0) 49 (26.9)  
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 38.9 (11.8) 38.8 (11.7) 39.0 (12.6) 0.843
Education
 Technical school or less (without graduation certificate) 235 (24.6) 200 (25.4) 35 (21.0) 0.120
 High school or vocational school (with graduation certificate) 416 (43.6) 348 (44.2) 68 (40.7)  
 College or university 303 (31.8) 239 (30.4) 64 (38.3)  
Time since started using e-cigarette
 Less than 6 months ago 195 (19.0) 147 (17.3) 48 (26.7) 0.007
 6–12 months 192 (18.7) 155 (18.3) 37 (20.6)  
 1–2 years 219 (21.3) 181 (21.3) 38 (21.1)  
 More than 2 years ago 423 (41.1) 366 (43.1) 57 (31.7)  
Frequency of e-cigarette use
 Non-daily 21 (2.0) 8 (0.9) 13 (7.2) < 0.001
 1–10 times a day 103 (10.0) 76 (9.0) 27 (15.0)  
 11–19 times a day 234 (22.8) 184 (21.7) 50 (27.8)  
  ≥ 20 times a day 668 (65.1) 578 (68.3) 90 (50.0)  
Combustible cigarettes smoked per day (before started using e-cigarette)
  ≤ 10 cigarettes per day 101 (9.7) 82 (9.5) 19 (10.7) 0.468
 11–19 cigarettes per day 307 (29.6) 249 (29.0) 58 (32.8)  
  ≥ 20 cigarettes per day 628 (60.6) 528 (61.5) 100 (56.5)  
Nicotine concentration of e-liquid
 0 mg 77 (7.5) 60 (7.0) 17 (9.4) 0.009
 1–6 mg 514 (49.8) 444 (52.1) 70 (38.7)  
 7–12 mg 349 (33.8) 272 (31.9) 77 (42.5)  
  ≥ 13 mg 93 (9.0) 76 (8.9) 17 (9.4)  
  1. Note: Some categories do not add to the total due to missing responses